PHI 1180 Quiz 13 – Response to Syllogisms

Please read the questions carefully. Many have similar wording. Quizzes consist of 20 randomly selected multiple choice questions.

A fair price for a product should compensate the maker for the time necessary to create it.  Works of art require many hours to create.  Thus, a fair price for a work of art should compensate the artists for the many hours it takes to create art.

1. RESPONSE: A fair price is determined by what customers are willing to pay. It has nothing to do with the hours necessary to produce it.
2. RESPONSE: Not all works of art take a lot of time to make. Some are produced in a matter of minutes.

Abstract arguments are hard to follow. Philosophical arguments are abstract. Thus, philosophical arguments are hard to follow.

3. RESPONSE: Abstractness by itself does not make an argument hard to follow. A clear and simple abstract argument is easy to follow.
4. RESPONSE: There is a sense in which all philosophical arguments are abstract but it’s not that kind of abstractness that makes arguments hard to follow.

All antebellum Southern plantations were businesses that depended on slave labor. No antebellum Southern plantations were beneficial to society. Hence, some businesses that depended on slave labor were not beneficial to society.

5. RESPONSE:  Instead of talking about events that happened so long ago we should be talking about the problems our society faces at this moment. For example, our trade deficit with China threatens the economic health of the nation.

All compassionate and humble people are weak.  All compassionate and humble people are virtuous.  Consequently, all virtuous people are weak.

6. RESPONSE:  Being compassionate and humble means that you care about the weak.  It doesn’t mean that you are weak.

All doctors are professionals. All teachers are professionals. Therefore, some doctors are teachers.

7. RESPONSE:  Both your premises are true and so is your conclusion, but you are still being extremely illogical.

All evangelical Christians are Republican. Jane is an evangelical Christian. So, Jane is a Republican.

8. RESPONSE:  I know Jane. She’s a Democrat.
9. RESPONSE:  Not all evangelical Christians are Republicans. Many are independent or not registered to vote at all and some are even Democrats.

All evangelical Christians are Republican.  Jane is a Republican.  So, Jane must be an evangelical Christian.

10. RESPONSE:  That doesn’t follow.  Evangelical Christians are Republican s but you don’t have to be an evangelical Christian to be a Republican.
11. RESPONSE:  Why do you keep bringing religion into this? Her religion doesn’t matter.

All generous people are happy. Emma is a very happy person. So, Emma must be generous.

12. RESPONSE:  What you say is true but that doesn’t mean that Emma is necessarily generous. She may not be.

All good teachers care about their students. My Chemistry professor doesn’t care about her students. So, my Chemistry professor is not a good teacher.

13. RESPONSE:  I think you are just a bad student.
14. RESPONSE:  I’ve had terrible teachers who cared about their students. They cared but they were still lousy teachers.
15. RESPONSE:  To be a good teacher you have to explain the material clearly and correctly. You don’t have to care about the students.
16. RESPONSE:  You only say she doesn’t care because she fails students who don’t get it. I think she cares. I saw her in office hours and she was willing to spend a lot of time working with me.

All great geniuses are bold and innovative thinkers. I am a bold and innovative thinker. Thus, I am a genius.

17. RESPONSE:  I hate to bust your bubble but you are not a genius.
18. RESPONSE:  You are not really bold and innovative. You only think you are.

All great leaders are decisive. Hitler was decisive. Therefore, Hitler was a great leader.

19. RESPONSE:  Hitler was decisive but it doesn’t follow that he was a great leader.
20. RESPONSE:  Hitler was not a great leader. He led Germany to disaster.
21. RESPONSE:  Oh, so you admire Hitler. I always knew you were a jerk.

All hard-working people are successful.  Some successful people rely on luck.  Consequently, some hard-working people rely on luck.

22. RESPONSE:  That doesn’t follow.  Just because some successful people rely on luck doesn’t mean that the hard workers do.

All massive online open-enrollment courses (MOOCs) have low completion rates.  No college courses with low completion rates are efficient educational delivery systems.  No MOOCs are efficient educational delivery systems.

23. RESPONSE:  I would say that a course with extremely high enrollments could still be a very efficient delivery system with low complete rates.

All metal storage sheds are susceptible to rust damage. No wooden shed is a metal shed. So, no wooden shed is susceptible to rust damage.

24. RESPONSE:  A metal storage shed made of galvanize steel and covered with a baked on enamel is not susceptible to rust.

All Neanderthals were carnivores. All Neanderthals were hominids. Consequently, some hominids were carnivores.

25. RESPONSE:  Neanderthals certainly ate a lot of meat and biologists used to believe that they were carnivorous, but the most recent research shows that they ate plants too.

All pacifists are idiots.  All people who oppose the war are pacifists.  Therefore, all people who oppose the war are idiots.

26. RESPONSE:  I don’t think you are using the word pacifist consistently.
27. RESPONSE:  Jesus was a pacifist and Jesus wasn’t an idiot.
28. RESPONSE:  Pacifists are people who oppose all wars. Many people who oppose this war do not oppose all wars.

All people who eat bread eat gluten. All my ancestors for the past ten thousand years ate bread. Thus, all my ancestors for the past ten thousand years ate gluten.

29. RESPONSE:  Bread can be gluten free so not everyone who eats bread eats gluten.

All practices that are dangerous for athletes should be banned.  The practice of using steroids to build muscle is dangerous.  Thus, steroid use should be banned.

30. RESPONSE:  I disagree. Let athletes take steroids if they want to take the risks.
31. RESPONSE:  I disagree.  There is always some risk involved in sport.  Practices should only be banned if they involve extreme risk.

All real science fiction is scientifically literate. No fantasy novels about dragons are scientifically literate. Thus, fantasy novels about dragons aren’t real science fiction.

32. RESPONSE:  Just because a novel is about fun stuff like dragons doesn’t mean that it can’t also be scientifically literate.
33. RESPONSE:  You are an elitist snob. I love fantasy novels about dragons.

All serious presidential candidates tell the people whatever they want to hear.  Anyone who tells the people whatever they want to hear is lacking in principles.  Thus, all serious presidential candidates are lacking in principles.

34. RESPONSE:  A person who told people what they wanted to hear and really believed it herself wouldn’t be lacking in principles.
35. RESPONSE:  In his election campaign against Obama, Senator McCain told people that we needed to send more troops to Iraq and that was definitely not what the people wanted to hear.
36. RESPONSE:  You are being naïve.  They have to tell the people what they want to hear or they won’t get elected.

All water resources are renewable resources.  All renewable resources can be depleted by overuse.  Hence, all water resources can be depleted by overuse.

37. RESPONSE:  So according to you we should all stop drinking water. That’s pretty silly don’t you think?
38. RESPONSE:  Solar energy is a renewable resource but we can’t overuse it.  Our use of solar energy doesn’t use up the sun.

All well-informed people read regularly and widely. Americans watch television and rarely read. Thus, Americans are not well-informed.

39. RESPONSE:  Just because someone watches television doesn’t make them stupid.

Christians believe that everything in the Bible is literally true. Anyone who believes that everything in the Bible is literally true is an idiot. Therefore, Christians are idiots.

40. RESPONSE:  Many Christians think that everything in the Bible is true but not literally true. There is a long tradition of interpreting the Bible allegorically.

High-paying jobs are high-stress jobs.  Corporate law is highly paid.  So, corporate law is high stress.

41. RESPONSE:  But that’s your choice.  If you want to make the big bucks, you’ve got to accept what goes with it.
42. RESPONSE:  Many highly paid jobs are stressful but not all are.  Some people get paid a great deal to do very little.
43. RESPONSE:  Some low-paying jobs are highly stressful. For example, police and firefighters are poorly paid jobs that come with a lot of stress.

No free market society distributes wealth according to merit.  All free market societies are just.  Therefore, some just societies do not distribute wealth according to merit.

44. RESPONSE:  I can’t agree with that.  Just societies always distribute wealth according to merit.

No genuine reform is imposed on people without their consultation. Educational reform in America is imposed on teachers without consultation. Hence, educational reform in America is not genuine.

45. RESPONSE:  Genuine reform does not always require consultation with people. Some of the best and most effective reforms have been imposed in a top-down way by authorities.

No high-fat diet is healthy. The Atkins diet is a high-fat diet. Therefore, the Atkins diet is unhealthy.

46. RESPONSE:  I’ve lost weight on the Atkins diet and so have many of my friends.

No honest person smiles when you accuse them of lying.  Albert smiles when people accuse him of lying.  Hence, Albert is not honest.

47. RESPONSE:  Albert smiles all the time. It doesn’t matter what anyone says to him, he smiles.
48. RESPONSE:  I think you are misreading Albert’s expression.  That wasn’t a smile.  It was a grimace.

No individual whose only crime is a minor drug offense is a danger to society.  Some convicted felons are individuals who only crime is a minor drug offense.  Therefore, some convicted felons are not dangers to society.

49. RESPONSE:  So you’re saying I shouldn’t worry about a murderer or a rapist moving in next door because all the criminals are just poor misunderstood little boys.  Good luck with that.

No person who really cares about animals would buy their dog from a puppy mill.  Some people who say they care about animals buy their dogs from puppy mills.  Therefore, some people who say they care about animals really don’t.

50. RESPONSE:  I don’t agree with you about that.  I think that a lot of people who buy dogs from puppy mills simply haven’t thought about how the dogs are treated there.  It’s not that they don’t love animals.  They just don’t know the facts.
51. RESPONSE:  You shouldn’t talk like that about other people. It’s not nice to criticize.

No sensible object exists unperceived. Some sensible objects are unperceived by humans. Therefore, some objects unperceived by humans do not exist unperceived.

52. RESPONSE:  I suspect you are talking about sensible objects in two different senses. In one sense it seems to refer to a material object that people can experience and in another sense it is talking about our actual experience itself.

No student who is primarily interested in getting a degree is really interested in learning.  All students who are really interested in learning get a real education. Therefore, no student who is primarily interested in getting a degree gets a real education.

53. RESPONSE:  That’s not true. A student could be primarily interested in the degree and equally interested in learning as well.

No vicious dog makes a good pet. All pit bulls are vicious. Hence, no pit bull makes a good pet.

54. RESPONSE:  But a vicious dog is exactly what you need for protection. A pit bull makes a good guard dog.
55. RESPONSE:  I think when you say pit bulls are vicious you mean the breed as a whole but when you conclude that pit bulls don’t make good pets you mean each individual pit bull.
56. RESPONSE:  Pit bulls are only vicious if they are not well trained. My pit bull is a very sweet and gentle dog.
57. RESPONSE:  Well, my pit bull is a great pet. I love my pit bull.

Pentecostal Christians believe that speaking in tongues is real.  Anyone who believes that is deluded.  Thus, Pentecostal Christians are deluded.

58. RESPONSE:  What evidence do you have to support your claim that anyone who believes in speaking in tongues is deluded?
59. RESPONSE:  You’re only saying that because the church you go to doesn’t practice speaking in tongues.
60. RESPONSE:  You’re wrong.  I know some Pentecostals and they are completely sincere.  They aren’t pretending.  They really believe in this.

People who are highly religious believe that they have the truth. Nobody who thinks they have the truth is tolerant. So highly religious people are not tolerant.

61. RESPONSE:  Highly religious people aren’t the only ones who think they have the truth. Everybody thinks that whatever it is they believe is true.
62. RESPONSE:  I don’t see why a tolerant person couldn’t think they knew the truth. To be tolerant you just have to believe that other people have a right to hold their own opinions, you don’t have to think their opinions are correct.
63. RESPONSE:  I don’t think you are very tolerant. Criticizing people for being religious is about the most intolerant thing I can imagine.
64. RESPONSE:  Most people who are highly religious would deny that their religious beliefs are something that they know. They are matters of faith not knowledge.

People who are well-nourished have access to nourishing foods. Americans have access to nourishing foods. So, Americans are well-nourished.

65. RESPONSE:  Americans also have access to junk food: potato chips, burgers, fries and sugary drinks.
66. RESPONSE:  I don’t think you are consistent in your use of the word “access.”
67. RESPONSE:  That argument doesn’t make sense. The conclusion just does not follow.

People who give money to charity are not selfish. Pete gave $10 to charity last week. So Pete is not selfish.

68. RESPONSE:  That’s naive. Selfish people sometimes give money to charity for selfish reasons–to look good to other people or to just get someone to stop pestering them.
69. RESPONSE:  Well, I gave $20.

People who grow up in good families develop good manners. Jennifer is the rudest person I have ever met. So, Jennifer must not have grown up in a good family.

70. RESPONSE:  I happen to know Jennifer’s family. They are good people.
71. RESPONSE:  I think you are talking about families being good in two different senses.
72. RESPONSE:  Sometimes a good family tries but the kid just doesn’t turn out right. I think that’s what happened with Jennifer. I wouldn’t blame her family.

Real marriages are formed with the intention of having children. Homosexual unions are not formed with the intention of having children. Hence, homosexual unions are not real marriages.

73. RESPONSE:  Many heterosexual couples marry without the intention of raising children and these are real marriages.
74. RESPONSE:  You are a homophobic idiot. What difference does it make to you if two gays want to get married?

The universe is everything that exists. The universe is known by physicists to be finite. Thus, everything that exists is known by physicists to be finite.

75. RESPONSE:  Physicists don’t know that the universe is finite. What they know is that the universe so far as they can see is finite.

Voter identification laws prevent people who lack a photo ID from voting.  Many poor and elderly voters lack a photo ID.  Thus, voter identification laws prevent many of the poor and elderly from voting.

76. RESPONSE:  These laws don’t prevent people who currently lack an ID from voting, they just require that they take the time to get an ID prior to election day.
77. RESPONSE:  You’re only saying that because you are a Democrat and those groups vote for Democrats.

77 Questions with Answers (as a pdf) – $19.99

PHI 1180 Quiz 14 – Enthymemes

Please read the questions carefully. Many have similar wording. Quizzes consist of 20 randomly selected multiple choice questions.

  1. A day planner will help a person get organized provided that they have some sense of organization already. Unfortunately Mary has no sense of organization.
  2. A parent incapable of empathizing with children does great psychological harm.  Unfortunately, not every parent is capable of empathy.
  3. Alex needs time to daydream because Alex is a child.
  4. All good stories are slow stories and the American public does not have the patience to listen to slow stories.
  5. All lives matter, thus black lives matter.
  6. All good Americans put loyalty to their country above loyalty to their political party. Some politicians put loyalty to their party above loyalty to their country.
  7. All people have a right to marry the person who they love. So homosexuals have a right to marry the person who they love.
  8. All people who pay property taxes are property owners and all taxpayers who support the public schools are people who pay property taxes.
  9. All politicians are ambitious; therefore no politician can be trusted.
  10. All Scripture is useful for instruction. Therefore no Scripture contains errors.
  11. America should only support foreign governments when doing so is in America’s best interest. Support for Israel is disastrous for America’s national interest.
  12. Animals are sentient beings. Therefore animals have moral rights.
  13. Avocados are fruit.  So not all fruit are low in fat.
  14. BP caused the oil spill thus BP should be held liable for the costs of cleaning up the oil spill.
  15. BP’s decision to cut corners in its off-shore drilling operations was not morally wrong because it was a business decision.
  16. Buildings larger than one hundred stories must devote a disproportionate amount of interior space to elevator shafts.  Thus buildings of this height are not economically viable.
  17. Caesar was a Roman.  Therefore, Caesar had dignity.
  18. Children are evil because all people are evil.
  19. Contrary to what a lot of people think butterfly bushes are bad for butterflies because they do not provide food for the caterpillars that grow into butterflies.
  20. Death is not something bad because only pain is bad.
  21. Ethical relativism is a conservative moral philosophy because it allows no grounds for criticism of existing moral beliefs.
  22. Every envious person wants others to fail, and no good person wants others to fail.
  23. Extremely high salaries for doctors is harmful to the medical profession because it attracts people more interested in making money than in patient care.
  24. General Motors grosses millions of dollars in total sales, so it must be highly profitable.
  25. Geraldine either knew about the new guidelines or she wasn’t present at the last staff meeting.  As the minutes clearly show, Geraldine was present at the last staff meeting.
  26. God exists or life is meaningless.  Therefore, God exists.
  27. Harry should control his salt intake because all people with hypertension should control their intake of salt.
  28. I can’t work at home.  There are too many distractions.
  29. I won’t get lung cancer because I don’t smoke.
  30. If a normal person would feel intimidated by an armed policeman asking to search their car, then agreeing to such a search does not constitute voluntary consent.  And it is obvious to any person of common sense that this is exactly how most people would feel in this situation.
  31. If Confucius played an active role in editing the canon of classical Chinese literature, then he was disingenuous when he claimed to have no wisdom of his own.  And it is quite certain that Confucius actively edited the Chinese canon.
  32. If increased testing was an effective form of educational reform, then America’s schools would have shown significant improvement in the past twenty years.  But as we all know America’s schools have not improved over the last two decades.
  33. If most people on diets hit a plateau after losing ten pounds, then there is a set point in the brain controlling appetite and metabolism. This is exactly what most dieters experience over and over.
  34. If Plato had meant to exclude slaves from his ideal republic, then he would have explicitly said so.  However, Plato says nothing about the question of whether or not his ideal republic includes slaves.
  35. If we raise the minimum wage, then we increase the cost of unskilled labor. If unskilled labor becomes more expensive, employers will seek to replace those workers with machines.
  36. It is bad to pay children do household chores since this practice encourages them to be selfish.
  37. It seems to me that Socrates wanted to be convicted of the charge of introducing new divine beings to the city.  Nobody who wants to be found innocent admits to the truth of the charges held against him.
  38. Jenny will not do well in online courses because only highly motivated students do well in online courses.
  39. Kangaroos are mammals since kangaroos are marsupials.
  40. Linen consists of very brittle fibers consequently linen fabric should not be machine dried.
  41. Many ECU alumni practice unsafe drinking habits because most adult fans at our football games drink excessively and unsafely.
  42. Men aren’t competent to raise children because men don’t give birth.
  43. Most of the science fiction published today is not real science fiction because science fiction must be written from a scientifically literate point of view.
  44. My novel will be very successful because it has an interesting plot.
  45. No law that is selectively enforced can withstand judicial review.  The law with which my client has been charged is selectively enforced within this jurisdiction.
  46. No society based on slave labor is economically efficient because no such society has an incentive to develop skilled labor.
  47. No student who reads a newspaper during class is respectful and some ECU students read newspapers during class.
  48. No truths should be rejected.  So, self-evident propositions should never be rejected.
  49. Nobody who lacks a doctorate degree is qualified to teach at a research university and some ECU faculty lack the doctorate degree.
  50. Of course Monet’s paintings are not abstract. Monet was an Impressionist.
  51. Only highly motivated students do well in online courses. Sadly, most students are not highly motivated.
  52. People shouldn’t shop at Walmart because Walmart treats their employees unfairly.
  53. Professors should often criticize what students say because what students say is often mistaken or confused.
  54. She’s not wearing green, so I conclude she doesn’t know it’s St. Patrick’s Day.
  55. Since only first-time homebuyers qualify for this special tax credit, most of the people who qualify for the credit are young adults.
  56. Some hot dogs do not contain pork because some hot dogs are kosher.
  57. Some people talk while watching movies in theaters. Therefore, some people are rude.
  58. Some persons cannot be put in jail. Corporations cannot be put in jail.
  59. String theory is not a genuine scientific theory because it is unverifiable.
  60. Students who ask a lot of questions in class tend to do better and extroverted students tend to ask a lot of questions.
  61. Telling jokes is not lying because there is no intention to deceive in telling a joke.
  62. The American education system is either underfunded or it spends its money inefficiently. With the high cost per pupil of American education we cannot say that it is underfunded.
  63. The current sluggishness of the economy is either due to insufficient capital available for investment or to lack of consumer demand.  We actually have an excess of investment capital on the markets at this time.
  64. The Dalai Lama is a Buddhist, so he must know what the Eightfold Path is.
  65. The Dalai Lama would never lie because lying is contrary to the Eightfold Path.
  66. The desire for money can never be satisfied this is why it is inherently frustrating.
  67. The fact that only a reduction of the salaries of medical professionals will solve our healthcare crisis proves that the medical profession will oppose any genuine solution to the crisis.
  68. The gods pay no attention to what human beings do. After all the gods are infinitely superior to us.
  69. The human race will be forced to spray sulfur in the atmosphere to block sunlight, if we cannot significantly reduce carbon emissions, so we can expect to be spraying sulfur by 2020.
  70. The Pope is an unmarried adult male. Therefore, the Pope is a bachelor.
  71. The President’s budget is fiscally irresponsible because it includes huge deficits.
  72. The reason I think Bruce is depressed is that he seems not to enjoy anything anymore.
  73. The reason that high stakes standardized testing is bad policy is that it promotes teaching to the test.
  74. The Supreme Court has held that the use of drug sniffing dogs does not constitute a search. If the use of drug sniffing dogs does not constitute a search, then it cannot constitute an illegal search.
  75. Tom Brady knew those footballs were underinflated.  He’s a professional quarterback with many years of experience.
  76. We actually have an excess of investment capital on the markets at this time.  Thus the sluggishness in the economy must be due to insufficient consumer demand.
  77. Wesley keeps his house in good repair. Therefore, Wesley is a responsible home-owner.
  78. Wise people avoid falling in love because falling in love disturbs your peace of mind.

78 Questions with Answers (as a pdf) – $19.99

PHIL1180 Quiz 12 – Sergio to Alani

Please read the questions carefully. Many have similar wording. Quizzes consist of 20 randomly selected multiple choice questions.

  1. All accessories before the fact are accomplices. All accessories after the fact are accomplices.  So, some accessories before the fact are accessories after the fact.    
  2. All advanced economic powers in the world today are democracies. All countries that respect the rights of minorities are democracies.  Therefore, some advanced economic powers in the world today respect the rights of minorities.    
  3. All alcoholics have a substance abuse problem. All alcoholics need a social support system to stay clean.  Therefore, some people with substance abuse problems need a social support system to stay clean.    
  4. All antebellum Southern plantations were businesses that depended on slave labor. No antebellum Southern plantations were beneficial to society.  Hence, some businesses that depended on slave labor were not beneficial to society.    
  5. All antebellum Southern plantations were businesses that depended on slave labor. No business that depends on slave labor is beneficial to society.  Hence, some antebellum Southern plantations were not beneficial to society.    
  6. All Bactrians are camels. All dromedaries are camels.  Thus, some Bactrians are dromedaries.    
  7. All binge drinkers have a substance abuse problem. All alcoholics have a substance abuse problem.  Hence, some binge drinkers are alcoholics.    
  8. All doctors are professionals. All professionals have a fiduciary relationship with their clients.  Hence, some people who have a fiduciary relationship with their clients are doctors.    
  9. All doctors are professionals. All teachers are professionals.  Therefore, some doctors are teachers.    
  10. All dogs are mammals. No dogs are cats.  Hence, some mammals are not cats.    
  11. All dromedaries are camels. All dromedaries are ungulates.  So, some ungulates are camels.    
  12. All dromedaries are ungulates. All dromedaries are herbivores.  So, some herbivores are ungulates.    
  13. All effective sex education programs teach people about birth control methods. All effective sex education programs teach people how to prevent STDs.  Hence, some sex education programs that teach people how to prevent STDs are also programs that teach about birth control methods.    
  14. All effective sex education programs teach people about birth control methods. No abstinence only sex education programs teach about birth control methods.  Hence, some abstinence only sex education programs are not effective.    
  15. All electrons are elementary particles and all electrons are negatively charged. Thus some elementary particles are negatively charged.    
  16. All electrons are elementary particles and no electron is a proton. Thus some elementary particles are not protons.    
  17. All electrons are elementary particles and no electron is a proton. Thus some protons are not elementary particles.    
  18. All good employees get their work done on time. No procrastinators get their work done on time.  So, some procrastinators are not good employees.    
  19. All haiku are short poems. No haiku are sonnets.  Hence, some short poems are not sonnets.    
  20. All haiku are short poems. No haiku are sonnets.  Hence, some sonnets are not short poems.    
  21. All hominids were primates. All hominids were bipedal.  Hence, some primates were bipedal.    
  22. All hominids were primates. No monkeys are hominids.  Hence, some monkeys are not primates.    
  23. All hominids were primates. No monkeys are hominids.  Hence, some primates are not monkeys.    
  24. All Italian restaurants serve spaghetti. All Italian restaurants serve lasagna.  So, some restaurants that serve spaghetti serve lasagna.    
  25. All Italian restaurants serve spaghetti. No Greek restaurants are Italian restaurants.  So, some Greek restaurants do not serve spaghetti.    
  26. All Italian restaurants serve spaghetti. No Greek restaurants are Italian restaurants.  So, some restaurants that serve spaghetti are not Greek restaurants.    
  27. All JAVA programmers are computer programmers. All JAVA programmers are intelligent.  So, some intelligent people are computer programmers.    
  28. All Neanderthals were carnivores. All Neanderthals were hominids.  Consequently, some hominids were carnivores.    
  29. All Neanderthals were carnivores. No carnivores are omnivores.  Consequently, some omnivores were not Neanderthals.    
  30. All of Weird Al’s songs are parodies. All of Weird Al’s songs are humorous.  So, some humorous songs are parodies.    
  31. All of Weird Al’s songs are parodies. No parody can be guilty of copyright infringement.  So, some Weird Al songs are not guilty of copyright infringement.    
  32. All parodies are songs that make substantial use of someone’s intellectual property. All songs that are guilty of copyright infringement are songs that make substantial use of someone’s intellectual property.  So, some parodies are guilty of copyright infringement.    
  33. All patricians were Romans. Hence, some Romans were slave owners, since all patricians were slave owners.
  34. All patricians were Romans. No plebian was a patrician.  Hence, some Romans were not plebian.    
  35. All people with a substance abuse problem need help to stay clean. All alcoholics need a social support system to stay clean.  Therefore, some people with substance abuse problems are alcoholics.    
  36. All professionals have a fiduciary relationship with their clients. All professionals have been required to get extensive and specialized education.  Hence, some people with a fiduciary relationship with their clients have been required to get extensive and specialized education.    
  37. All political beliefs are socially conditioned. No political belief is objectively true.  Thus, some objectively true beliefs are not socially conditioned.    
  38. All political beliefs are socially conditioned. No socially conditioned belief is objectively true.  Thus, some objectively true beliefs are not political beliefs.    
  39. All professionals are highly trained. All professionals have a fiduciary relationship with their clients.  Hence, some people who are highly trained have a fiduciary relationship with their clients.    
  40. All sex education programs that teach people about birth control methods are effective. All sex education programs that teach people how to prevent STDs are effective.  Hence, some sex education programs that teach people how to prevent STDs are also programs that teach about birth control methods.    
  41. All sonnets are short poems. All haiku are short poems.  Hence, some haiku are sonnets.    
  42. All students who engage in binge drinking are at risk of failing out. No members of fraternities are students who engage in binge drinking.  So, some members of fraternities are not at risk of failing out.    
  43. All students who engage in binge drinking are at risk of failing out. No members of fraternities are students who engage in binge drinking.  So, some students at risk of failing out are not members of fraternities.    
  44. All unneutered male dogs are aggressive. All pitbulls are aggressive.  Therefore, some unneutered male dogs are pitbulls.    
  45. No accessory is a perpetrator. All accessories are subject to criminal punishment.  Therefore, some people subject to criminal punishment are not perpetrators.    
  46. No Bactrians are dromedaries. All dromedaries are camels.  Hence, some camels are not Bactrians.    
  47. No carnivores are omnivores. Some hominids were carnivores.  Hence, some omnivores were not hominids.    
  48. No con artist is honest. Some charming people are con artists.  Hence, some charming people are not honest.    
  49. No country that provides consumer subsidies for gasoline uses energy efficiently. Some oil-producing nations are countries that provide consumer subsidies for gasoline.  Therefore, some oil-producing nations do not use energy efficiently.    
  50. No decent person would abuse a dog. Some criminals are not decent people.  Thus, some criminals would abuse a dog.    
  51. No decent person would mistreat a dog. Some college students are not decent people.  Therefore, some college students mistreat dogs.    
  52. No decent person would mistreat a dog. Some college students mistreat dogs.  Therefore, some college students are not decent people.    
  53. No dogs are fish. Some dogs are pets.  Therefore, some fish are not pets.    
  54. No dogs are fish. Some dogs are pets.  Therefore, some pets are not fish.    
  55. No first generation star contains iron. Some stars in our galaxy contain iron.  Therefore, some stars in our galaxy are not first generation stars.    
  56. No first generation star contains iron. Some stars in our galaxy do not contain iron.  Therefore, some stars in our galaxy are first generation stars.    
  57. No foods containing high levels of potassium are recommended for dialysis patients. Some fruits contain high levels of potassium.  Therefore, some fruits are not recommended for dialysis patients.    
  58. No free market society distributes wealth according to merit. All free market societies are just.  Therefore, some just societies do not distribute wealth according to merit.    
  59. No haiku is a sonnet. Some short poems are sonnets.  Therefore, some short poems are not haiku.    
  60. No individual whose only crime is a minor drug offense is a danger to society. Some convicted felons are individuals whose only crime is a minor drug offense.  Therefore, some convicted felons are not dangers to society.    
  61. No passive chess player plays the King’s Gambit. Some patzers play the King’s Gambit.  Therefore, some passive chess players are not patzers.    
  62. No place that gets full sun is suitable for growing hosta. Some places in my garden get full sun.  Therefore, some places suitable for growing hosta are not in my garden.    
  63. No practicing Muslim eats pork. Therefore, some Americans are not practicing Muslims, because some Americans eat pork.    
  64. No practicing Muslim eats pork. Therefore, some Americans eat pork, because Americans are not practicing Muslims.    
  65. No sensible object exists unperceived. Some sensible objects are not perceived by humans.  Therefore, some objects perceived by humans exist unperceived.    
  66. No sensible object exists unperceived. Some sensible objects are unperceived by humans.  Therefore, some objects unperceived by humans do not exist unperceived.    
  67. No society which fails to invest a substantial proportion of its product into capital improvements can economically prosper in the long run. Some societies fail to invest a substantial proportion of their product into capital improvements.  Therefore, some societies do not prosper in the long run.    
  68. No sociopaths feel guilty about hurting innocent people. Some terrorists feel guilty about hurting innocent people.  Consequently, some sociopaths are not terrorists.    
  69. Some bookstores are parts of universities. No part of a university should put profit ahead of the needs of students.  Thus, some bookstores should not put profit ahead of the needs of students.    
  70. Some coffeehouses are places for derelicts to hang out and waste time. No serious businesses are places for derelicts to hang out and waste time.  Consequently, some coffeehouses are not serious businesses.    
  71. Some dogs are poodles. No Labrador Retrievers are poodles.  Consequently, some Labrador Retrievers are not dogs.    
  72. Some effective sex education programs teach about birth control methods. No abstinence only sex education programs teach about birth control methods.  Hence, some abstinence only sex education programs are not effective.    
  73. Some effective sex education programs teach people about birth control methods. No abstinence only sex education programs teach about birth control methods.  Hence, some effective sex education programs are not abstinence only programs.    

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PHIL1180 Quiz 11 – Barbara, Caitlin, Darlene, and Alphonso

Please read the questions carefully. Many have similar wording. Quizzes consist of 20 randomly selected multiple choice questions.

  1. All abstract arguments are hard to follow. All philosophical arguments are hard to follow.  Hence, all philosophical arguments are abstract.    
  2. All adulterers are untrustworthy. Some untrustworthy people are not married men.  Consequently, some married men are not adulterers.    
  3. All aquifers are renewable resources. Some renewable resources are not being used at the rate faster than nature can renew.  Hence, some aquifers are not being used at a rate faster than nature can renew.    
  4. All bears are mammals. Some bears hibernate.  Hence, some mammals hibernate.    
  5. All birds breathe air. No mammals are birds.  Consequently, no mammals breathe air.    
  6. All chess players who play gambits are aggressive. No chess player seeking a draw plays gambits.  Hence, no aggressive chess players are seeking draws.    
  7. All chess players who play gambits are aggressive. Some aggressive chess players are patzers.  Hence, some chess players who play gambits are patzers.    
  8. All chess players who play gambits are aggressive. Some chess players who play gambits are not playing for a draw.  Hence, some aggressive chess players are not playing for a draw.    
  9. All classical economic theories depict the individual as free of the constraints of nature. All theories that depict the individual free of natural constraints are fictitious.  Hence, all classical economic theories are fictitious.    
  10. All compassionate and humble people are virtuous. Some compassionate and humble people are not weak.  Thus, some virtuous people are not weak.    
  11. All compassionate and humble people are weak. All compassionate and humble people are virtuous.  Consequently, all virtuous people are weak.    
  12. All conformists are people with excessive respect for tradition. All people with excessive respect for tradition are people who are afraid of innovation.  Therefore, all people who are afraid of innovation are conformists.    
  13. All constitutional scholars accept the principle of the separation of church and state. No religious extremists accept the principle of the separation of church and state.  Thus, no religious extremists are constitutional scholars.    
  14. All constitutional scholars accept the principle of the separation of church and state. Some federal judges accept the principle of the separation of church and state.  Thus, some federal judges are constitutional scholars.    
  15. All empirical hypotheses are falsifiable. All scientific hypotheses are empirical hypotheses.  Consequently, all scientific hypotheses are falsifiable.    
  16. All empirical hypotheses are falsifiable, consequently all scientific hypotheses are empirical hypotheses, since all scientific hypotheses are falsifiable.   
  17. All extremely dangerous wild animals are tigers. All extremely dangerous wild animals are mammals.  Therefore, all tigers are mammals.    
  18. All fragile environments are places were plants grow slowly due to poor rainfall or lack of sunlight. No tropical rainforest is a place where plants grow slowly due to poor rainfall or lack of sunlight.  Hence, no tropical rainforest is a fragile environment.    
  19. All fruit are spherical in shape. No basketball is spherical in shape.  Thus, no basketball is a fruit.    
  20. All gourmet cooks appreciate expensive cookware as gifts. No postal workers are gourmet cooks.  Thus, no postal workers appreciate expensive cookware as gifts.    
  21. All gourmet cooks appreciate expensive cookware as gifts. Some postal workers are gourmet cooks.  Thus, some postal workers appreciate expensive cookware as gifts.    
  22. All hard-working people are successful. No person who relies on luck is hard-working.  Consequently, no successful person relies on luck.    
  23. All hedge fund managers pay a maximum of 15% on their income in federal taxes. Anyone who pays a maximum of 15% in federal taxes pays less than the average middle class taxpayer.  Thus, all hedge fund managers pay less than the average middle class taxpayer.    
  24. All homeless people are poor. Some homeless people are not panhandlers.  So, some poor people are not panhandlers.    
  25. All human beings are evil. Some human beings are little children.  Therefore, some little children are evil.    
  26. All individualists are people with excessive confidence in their own opinions. All people with excessive confidence in their own opinions are people who make too many avoidable mistakes.  Therefore, all individualists are people who make too many mistakes.    
  27. All institutions capable of surviving centuries are able to change with the times. No institutions grounded in unrevisable texts are able to change with the times.  Consequently, no institutions grounded in unrevisable texts are capable of surviving centuries.    
  28. All institutions grounded in unrevisable texts are unable to change with the times. Some religions are institutions grounded in unrevisable texts.  Consequently, some religions are unable to change with the times.    
  29. All knowledge can be taught. No virtue can be taught.  Consequently, no virtue is knowledge.    
  30. All liars are untrustworthy. Some untrustworthy people are elected officials.  Thus, some elected officials are liars.    
  31. All mammals breathe air. No mammals breathe water.  Consequently, no animal that can breathe air are animals that breathe water.    
  32. All medical professionals who prescribe unnecessary treatment are dangers to the health of their patients. Some medical professionals who prescribe unnecessary treatment are not dentists.  Therefore, some medical professionals who are dangers to the health of their patients are not dentists.    
  33. All miracles are acts of God. No miracle is a consequence of natural law.  Therefore, no acts of God are consequences of natural law.    
  34. All Mozart violin concertos are subtle and sensitive musical masterpieces. Some Mozart violin concertos are not productions of pompous vanity.  Hence, some subtle and sensitive masterpieces are not productions of pompous vanity.    
  35. All owners of capital profit from the stability of government. Some parents of small children profit from the stability of government.  Therefore, some parents of small children are owners of capital.    
  36. All panhandlers are poor. All homeless people are poor.  Therefore, all panhandlers are homeless.    
  37. All parrots are birds. No birds can talk.  Hence, no parrots can talk.    
  38. All patricians are Romans. No plebeians are patricians.  Hence, no plebeians are Romans.    
  39. All people in need deserve help. All victims of natural disasters are people in need.  Consequently, all victims of natural disasters deserve help.    
  40. All people who have had a loved one murdered are angry. No angry person is sympathetic to strangers.  Consequently, no people who have had a loved one murdered are sympathetic to strangers.    
  41. All people who have had to work hard in order to raise themselves out of poverty are sympathetic to the plight of ordinary people. Hence, Oscar is not a person who has had to work hard to raise himself out of poverty, since Oscar is not someone who is sympathetic to the plight of ordinary people.    
  42. All people who rely on minimum wage jobs as their main source of income are poor. Some poor people are alcoholics.  Consequently, some people who rely on minimum wage jobs as their main source of income are alcoholics.    
  43. All Pokémon are imaginary animals. All Pokémon are videogame creatures.  Therefore, all videogame creatures are imaginary animals.    
  44. All politicians are honest. No honest person tells people whatever they want to hear.  Therefore, no politicians will tell people whatever they want to hear.    
  45. All politicians are honest. Some politicians take bribes.  So, some honest people take bribes.    
  46. All political advertisements that attack the character of an opponent are unethical. All political advertisements that attack the character of an opponent are negative ads.  Hence, all negative ads are unethical.    
  47. All political advertisements that attack the character of an opponent are unethical. Some negative ads are political advertisements that attack the character of an opponent.  Hence, some negative ads are unethical.    
  48. All public officials who use their office to enrich themselves are abusing their public office. Some public officials abuse their public office.  It follows that some public officials are public offices who use their office to enrich themselves.    
  49. All scientists are social scientists. No physicist is a social scientist.  Therefore, no physicist is a scientist.    
  50. All social scientists are scientists. No physicist is a social scientist.  Therefore, no physicist is a scientist.    
  51. All squares are regular polygons, and some rectangles are not squares. Thus, some regular polygons are not rectangles.    
  52. All students who are more concerned with getting a grade than with getting an education are corrupt. Some students who get good grades are not more concerned with getting a grade than with getting an education.  Therefore, some students who get good grades are not corrupt.    
  53. All successful people are hard-working. No person who relies on luck is hard-working.  Consequently, no successful person relies on luck.    
  54. All successful people are hard-working. Some successful people rely on luck.  Consequently, some hard-working people rely on luck.    
  55. All vertebrates are bilaterally symmetrical. Some marine animals are not bilaterally symmetrical.  Hence, some marine animals are not vertebrates.    
  56. All victims of natural disasters deserve help. All victims of natural disasters are people.  Consequently, all people deserve help.    
  57. All virtuous people are wise. Some wise people are not rich.  Consequently, some virtuous people are not rich.    
  58. All water resources are renewable resources. All renewable resources can be depleted by overuse.  Hence, all water resources can be depleted by overuse.    
  59. All water resources are renewable resources. Some renewable resources are being used up at a rate faster than nature can renew.  Hence, some water resources are being used up at a rate faster than nature can renew.    
  60. All wonders of nature are ordinary events. All ordinary events are things that fail to attract our attention and appreciation.  Therefore, all things that fail to attract our attention and appreciation are wonders of nature.    
  61. All yoga teachers are calm. No commodities traders are calm.  Hence, no yoga teachers are commodities traders.    
  62. No conscious beings are beings which lack intentional states, consequently, all beings which lack intentional states are beings which lack desires, since no beings which lack desires are conscious beings.   
  63. No demagogues are plutocrats. Hence, no demagogues are reactionaries, since all reactionaries are plutocrats.    
  64. No homosexual union is intended for procreation. But, since all real marriages are intended for procreation, it follows that no homosexual union is a real marriage.    
  65. No institutions grounded in unrevisable texts are able to change with the times. Islam is an institution grounded in unrevisable texts.  Consequently, Islam is not able to change with the times.    
  66. No Keynesian economist favors a balanced budget during a recession. But, since all fiscal conservatives favor a balanced budget even during a recession, it follows that no Keynesian economist is a fiscal conservative.    
  67. No liar can keep their story straight. Jane can’t keep her story straight.  So, Jane must be a liar.    
  68. No root vegetables are high in vitamins. But, since carrots are root vegetables, it follows that carrots are not high in vitamins.    
  69. No Shiite Muslims are Theravada Buddhists. No Shiite Muslims are people who believe in reincarnation.  Hence, all Theravada Buddhists are people who believe in reincarnation.    
  70. No vegan food contains eggs. But, since all soufflés contain eggs, it follows that no soufflé is a vegan food.    
  71. Nothing that can be understood is unmeasurable. But, since all states of happiness can be understood, it follows that no state of happiness is unmeasurable.    
  72. Some birds cannot fly. All animals that can fly have wings.  Consequently, some birds do not have wings.    
  73. Some children of middle class families are not people who eat three meals a day. Some people who eat three meals a day are people who are getting adequate nutrition.  Hence, some children of middle class families are not people who are getting adequate nutrition.    
  74. Some compassionate and humble people are weak. All compassionate and humble people are virtuous.  Consequently, some virtuous people are weak.    
  75. Some corporations that defraud the government with the active cooperation of government officials are not defense contractors. All corporations that defraud the government with the active cooperation of government officials are businesses that put profit ahead of public interest.  Therefore, some defense contractors are not businesses that put profit ahead of public interest.    
  76. Some digital altering of photos are slanderous acts. All slanderous acts are subject to legal penalty.  Therefore, some digital altering of photos are subject to legal penalty.    
  77. Some grade-school teachers are not people prone to speak didactically. Some people prone to speak didactically are people who are very annoying.  Hence, some grade-school teachers are not people who are very annoying.    
  78. Some immigration policies are unfair to immigrants. Some immigration policies are popular with the conservative base of the Republican party.  Therefore, some policies popular with the conservative base of the Republican party are unfair to immigrants.    
  79. Some medical professionals who prescribe unnecessary treatment are not dentists. All medical professionals who prescribe unnecessary treatment are dangers to the health of their patients.  Therefore, some dentists are not dangers to the health of their patients.    
  80. Some medical professionals who prescribe unnecessary treatment are not dentists. All medical professionals who prescribe unnecessary treatment are dangers to the health of their patients.  Therefore, some medical professionals who are dangers to the health of their patients are not dentists.    

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PHIL1180 Quiz 10 – Responses to Disjunctive Arguments

Please read the questions carefully. Many have similar wording. Quizzes consist of 20 randomly selected multiple choice questions.

  1. RESPONSE: I think the flat tax is a stupid idea.
  2. RESPONSE: I think you support the flat tax because you are rich and you know it would lower your taxes while raising taxes on the rest of us.
  3. RESPONSE: I disagree. The third alternative that needs to be discussed is taking enough CO2 out of the atmosphere to compensate of all we are putting in.
  4. RESPONSE: We don’t have to do either one of those things. Life in prison without the possibility of parole will keep society safe from convicted murderers.
  5. RESPONSE: You’re wrong. You want to execute everybody who is accused of murder. Those people deserve a fair trial.
  6. RESPONSE: The spear might not be stopped by anything but still not go beyond the universe. It might work like a video game and when it gets to one edge reappear at the other side.
  7. RESPONSE: The thing that stops the spear might not be beyond the edge of the universe; it might be the edge of the universe itself.
  8. RESPONSE: ECU should continue the drunk bus but they should keep records of which students use the drunk bus and those using it frequently should be referred to alcohol counseling. That’s not encouraging binge drinking.
  9. RESPONSE: The real problem around here is financial aid. We ought to be worried about that instead of drinking.
  10. RESPONSE: You’re saying that ECU is making students get drunk. That’s not true. Students choose to drink.
  11. RESPONSE: God may be able to prevent all suffering and choose not to do so without being cruel. He may have some other reason to allow suffering.
  12. RESPONSE: I think people may actually like you more if you dress to please yourself. People are more comfortable with individuality than you think.
  13. RESPONSE: You are just vain and trying to get us to talk about how you look.
  14. RESPONSE: Oh, just deal with it and stop complaining. You are just a big baby.
  15. RESPONSE: The solution is to borrow the minimum you need to pay tuition and finance the rest by working part-time jobs while you go to school.
  16. RESPONSE: I’d go ahead and invite Bill. Susan doesn’t care. She won’t be angry.
  17. RESPONSE: This is pretty simple. Just invite either one.
  18. RESPONSE: Go ahead and plant your tomatoes in the same spot. Just be sure to treat them with an antifungal spray and they will be fine.
  19. RESPONSE: Permitting divorce will not necessarily weaken the institution of marriage provided that we make divorce difficult.
  20. RESPONSE: I don’t think that accepting the sentence is the best way to persuade the Athenians that they were wrong. On the contrary, the way to persuade them is to explain to them why it is unjust.
  21. RESPONSE: Socrates doesn’t have to do either of those things. He could just leave Athens and never come back.
  22. RESPONSE: Lecturing on all the material covered by the test does not necessarily discourage students from reading the text. Teachers can encourage students to read the textbook by reminding them that it provides additional examples and other resources to help them understand the material covered in the lectures.
  23. RESPONSE: I don’t think the government violates the freedom of religion clause when public schools disagree with someone’s religion.
  24. RESPONSE: The solution to this problem is completely privatize the school system – the government can pay for no schools. Then we wouldn’t have to worry about what government schools taught because there wouldn’t be any.
  25. RESPONSE: American women would not be angered by a decision to overturn Roe vs. Wade.
  26. RESPONSE: The real issue is gay marriage. That’s the one the Court is really going to have to wrestle with.
  27. RESPONSE: The world does not need the United States military to keep it politically stable. In fact our military interventions tend to make the world less politically stable.
  28. RESPONSE: We don’t have to do one of the other. We can release the ones who are not really dangerous and prosecute the ones who are.
  29. RESPONSE: I think we need to go with solar energy instead.
  30. RESPONSE: Laws against drugs don’t turn people into criminals. People turn themselves into criminals by choosing to disobey laws.
  31. RESPONSE: Why worry about pot? It’s the lack of good jobs that we should be focused on.
  32. RESPONSE: The legal requirement could contain a carefully crafted exception that would allow deficit spending in case of an economic crisis.
  33. RESPONSE: It isn’t necessary to require uniforms to prevent students from wearing gang colors. Simply have a policy against gang colors and enforce it.
  34. RESPONSE: A strict drop policy does not necessarily require failing students with personal problems. What it requires is proper documentation of those problems to prevent students from just making up excuses.
  35. RESPONSE: I’m in favor of a strict drop policy. Sure it will lead to failing a few students who have problems but that’s what we have to do to get students to take their education seriously. It’s best in the long run.
  36. RESPONSE: So you’re saying we should just give students A’s even if they don’t come to class and accept any excuse they make no questions asked. To me that’s totally irresponsible.
  37. RESPONSE: The problem facing American is the runaway deficit. Nothing else matters as much as this.
  38. RESPONSE: I doubt that it will put any small businesses at a disadvantage. They have to compete against other businesses who also will have to pay the new higher minimum wage. None will go bankrupt.
  39. RESPONSE: I favor keeping the minimum wage low in order to encourage private sector job growth. The problem of poverty for those workers could be addressed by specific tax breaks aimed at minimum wage workers coupled with special benefits like subsidized childcare to raise them out of poverty.
  40. RESPONSE: The only reason you are trying to argue about this is because you are only making minimum wage where you work.
  41. RESPONSE: I think we could destroy the Taliban in one more year of intensive fighting. We should do that and leave in a year.
  42. RESPONSE: I think we could clear the records of non-violent first time offenders when they come out of prison. This would be the best option.
  43. RESPONSE: I just don’t believe that a criminal record prevents ex-cons from getting any job. It will certainly limit the number of jobs you can apply for, but a person who really wants to find work can always find work.
  44. RESPONSE: I don’t agree that requiring helmets is inconsistent with encouraging more bicycle use. I think that such requirement might temporarily reduce ridership, but that once people acquire helmets ridership will actually increase over time.
  45. RESPONSE: I think there’s a better way to keep riders safe than bicycle helmets. Establishing bike lanes will keep riders safe.
  46. RESPONSE: I don’t see what you are worried about. It’s not your responsibility, it’s the responsibility of the person who asks for the advice.
  47. RESPONSE: People don’t always ignore good advice.
  48. RESPONSE: The real issue is talent. People with extraordinary talent are rare.
  49. RESPONSE: Well, I’d say that you ought to have just the right amount of ambition – neither too much nor too little.
  50. RESPONSE: It’s possible to make your career top priority without your family suffering. Just pay attention to the family when you are off work.
  51. RESPONSE: The real issue that people face is how to find a good job.
  52. RESPONSE: Teaching young people birth control methods isn’t telling them that it’s OK to have sex. It’s just giving people information that they may or may not need in the future.
  53. RESPONSE: Exercise at lunch time. That’s an option for you to consider.
  54. RESPONSE: I think you could get up early and just don’t want to.
  55. RESPONSE: Even so it’s wrong. The mindless reality shows they produce are a disgrace.
  56. RESPONSE: The real problem is the internet and the way it corrupts people by offering easy access to pornography.
  57. RESPONSE: It’s sad that you think black people are only capable of entry level jobs.
  58. RESPONSE: You’re only saying that because you can’t find a job.
  59. RESPONSE: The real question is this: did the Buddha rise from the dead or perform other miracles?
  60. RESPONSE: The argument overestimates the dangers of asking for too high a salary. Most employers feel perfectly comfortable offering a salary lower than what the applicant asks for.
  61. RESPONSE: The best solution is to avoid both packing these additional billions of people into our large cities and spreading them out in a suburban sprawl. Instead we should construct a large number of new small cities. These would neither face intense crime issues nor crowd out the natural environment.
  62. RESPONSE: That’s simply untrue. Truman had several other options: he could have demonstrated the power of atomic weapons by detonating them in an unpopulated area of Japan; he could have offered generous terms to induce Japanese surrender; and finally he could simply have blockaded Japan and starved them into submission.
  63. RESPONSE: But there’s no way we can reduce spending any further. We are fighting a war and the costs associated with the aging of the boomer generation makes this an impossibility.
  64. RESPONSE: We don’t have to do either one. We can just continue to borrow.
  65. RESPONSE: I don’t agree with your argument. I agree with Horace Greely who said at the time that the North ought to just allow the South to secede.
  66. RESPONSE: All that matters is that you are good, moral person.
  67. RESPONSE: You’re only saying that because you’re an evangelical Christian.

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PHIL1180 Quiz 9 – Disjunctive Arguments

Please read the questions carefully. Many have similar wording. Quizzes consist of 20 randomly selected multiple choice questions.

  1. Either we adopt a flat tax or we keep the current system with all its ridiculous complexity. The system we have is just too complex to keep.  Hence, a flat tax is the only reasonable option.    
  2. Either we have a free market economy or we have socialism. Socialism is unacceptable.  Therefore, we must have a free market economy.    
  3. I can study for my Econ test or I can study for it tomorrow afternoon. I have to work tomorrow afternoon.  Therefore, we need to study tonight.    
  4. I need to get another job or I need to cut back on expenses. After looking over the budget I can’t see anyway to cut expenses.  So, I need to find another job.    
  5. I can take French next semester or I can take it in summer school. I can’t fit it in my schedule for next semester.  Therefore, we need to take it in summer school.    
  6. If ECU continues to run the drunk bus, then ECU encourages binge drinking and if ECU discontinues the drunk bus, ECU encourages drunk driving. ECU must either continue or discontinue the drunk bus.  Consequently, ECU encourages binge drinking or drunk driving.    
  7. If ECU hires competent faculty, then ECU’s elaborate curriculum approval system is unnecessary and if ECU hires incompetent faculty, the curriculum system is ineffective. ECU hires competent faculty or incompetent faculty.  Consequently, ECU’s elaborate curriculum approval system is unnecessary or ineffective.    
  8. If God can prevent all the suffering the world, then he must be cruel. If God can prevent all the suffering in the world, then he must have some reason for allowing evil to exist.  God is not cruel.  So God must have some reason for allowing evil to exist.      
  9. If God can prevent all the suffering the world, then he must be cruel. If God cannot prevent all the suffering in the world, then he is powerless.  Either God can prevent all the suffering in the world or he can’t.  So God is cruel or powerless.    
  10. If he is to avoid checkmate, my opponent must move his king and if he is to save his queen, my opponent must move his queen. Either he will not move his king or he will not move his queen.  Hence, my opponent will not avoid checkmate or he will not save his queen.      
  11. If I am to avoid going deeper into debt, then I can’t buy everyone the Christmas presents they want, but if I am to avoid disappointing the people I love, I have to buy them all the presents they want. I have to either buy everyone the Christmas presents they want or not.  So, either I go deeper into debt or I disappoint the people I love.      
  12. If I am to be safe, then I must not fight the dragon yet if I am to be a hero, then I must fight the dragon. I must either fight the dragon or not.  Hence, I will not be safe or I will not be a hero.      
  13. If I am to win the primaries, then I have to appeal to the party base but if I am to win the general election, then I will have to run as a moderate. I have to run as a moderate or appeal to my party’s base.  So, I will win the primaries or I will win the general election.      
  14. If I dress to please myself, then other people won’t like me and if I dress to please other people, then I won’t like myself. I have to dress to please myself or dress to please other people.  Thus, other people will like me or I will like myself.      
  15. If I exchange knights on e5, then my opponent gets to attack along the opened f file, but if I refuse the exchange of knights, then he retains a well-posted knight in my territory. I either exchange knights or refuse to do so.  Hence, my opponents get an attack along the f file or gets to keep that well-posted knight.    
  16. If I fight the dragon, then I will be killed and if I don’t fight the dragon, then I will be called a coward. I must either fight the dragon or not.  Hence, I will be killed or I will be called a coward.    
  17. If I finance my education entirely with student loans, then I’ll be up to my eyeballs in debt when I graduate, but if I finance my education entirely with student loans, then I won’t have to get a part-time job while I’m in college. I don’t want to be too much debt when I graduate.  So, I will have to get a part-time job.
  18. If I go on a diet, I will be miserable because I’ll be hungry all the time and if I don’t go on a diet, I’ll be miserable because I’ll stay fat. But either I go on a diet or don’t.  So I will be miserable because I’m fat or miserable because I’m hungry.    
  19. If I invite Bill to the party, then Susan will be angry, and if I invite Mary, then Arnie will be angry. I’ve got to invite either Bill or Mary, so either Susan or Arnie will be angry.    
  20. If I practice good garden hygiene then I cannot plant the same crops every year, and if I am to make my family happy, then I have to plant the same crops every year. I either plant the same crops every year or I don’t.  Therefore, I fail to practice good garden hygiene or I make my family unhappy.      
  21. If I run as a moderate, then I will lose in the primaries, but if I appeal to my party’s base, then I will lose in the general election. I have to run as a moderate or appeal to my party’s base.  So I will lose in the primaries or I will lose in the general election.    
  22. If I take English at 9:00, then I can’t take Anthropology and if I take English at 10:00, then I can’t take Geology. I have to take English at 9:00 or 10:00.  Hence, either I can’t take Anthropology or I can’t take Geology.    
  23. If Laura joins the committee, then Bob will resign from the committee but if Laura does not join the committee, then Frank will not join either. Laura is either going to join the committee or she’s not.  So either Bob will resign or Frank won’t join.    
  24. If society permits divorce, then the institution of marriage will be weak, but if society does not permit divorce, then some women will be trapped in abusive relationships. Since the institution of marriage will be weak or some women will be trapped in abusive relationships, it follows that society has no other options besides permitting divorce or not permitting it.      
  25. If society permits divorce, then the institution of marriage will be weak, but if society does not permit divorce, then some women will be trapped in abusive relationships. Since society has no other options besides permitting divorce or not permitting it, it follows that the institution of marriage will be weak or some women will be trapped in abusive relationships.    
  26. If Socrates obeys Athenian law, then he must abandon his divine mission to search for wisdom and if Socrates is to persuade the Athenians to change their law, then he must accept the sentence of the courts. Socrates must obey the law or persuade the Athenians to change it.  Consequently, Socrates must abandon his divine mission or accept the sentence of the courts.    
  27. If the government pays for schools that teach religion, then the government is violating the establishment cause. If the government pays for schools that teach things that disagree with religious teachings, then the government is violating the freedom of religion clause.  The government must either violate the establishment clause or the freedom of religion clause.  So the government is either going to pay for schools that teach religion or it is going to pay for schools that teach things that disagree with religious teaching.      
  28. If the government pays for schools that teach religion, then the government is violating the establishment cause. If the government pays for schools that teach things that disagree with religious teachings, then the government is violating the freedom of religion clause.  The government is either going to pay for schools that teach religion or it is going to pay for schools that teach things that disagree with religious teaching.  So, the government must either violate the establishment clause or the freedom of religion clause.    
  29. If the institution of marriage is to be strong, but if society cannot permit divorce, but if women must be free to escape from abusive relationships, then society must permit divorce. Since society has no other options besides permitting divorce or not permitting it, it follows that the institution of marriage will be weak or some women will be trapped in abusive relationships.      
  30. If the murder was committed in the Billiards Room, the Professor Plum was the murderer, but if the murder was committed with the candlestick, then Miss Scarlet was the murderer. The murder was either committed in the Billiards Room or was committed with the candlestick.  Thus, the murderer was Professor Plum or it was Miss Scarlet.    
  31. If the Supreme Court overturns Roe vs. Wade, then it will revitalize the American Left. But if the Court does not overturn Roe vs. Wade, then Christian conservatives will feel betrayed by the Republican party.  Since the Court will have to rule one way or the other on Roe vs. Wade, either the American Left will be revitalized or the Christian conservatives will feel betrayed.    
  32. If the United States continues to intervene militarily everywhere there is trouble around the world, then we will go bankrupt and if the United States adopts an isolationist posture, then the world will dissolve into anarchy. The United States must continue to intervene militarily around the globe or adopt an isolationist position.  Hence, the United States will go bankrupt or the world will dissolve into anarchy.    
  33. If the United States to avoid bankruptcy, then we must avoid military intervention, but if the world is to be politically stable, then we must intervene wherever trouble occurs. The United States must continue to intervene militarily around the globe or avoid such intervention.  Hence, the United States will go bankrupt or the world will become politically unstable.      
  34. If the United States wants to be safe, then we cannot release the prisoners held at Guantanamo but if the United States wants to respect human rights, then we must release the prisoners held there. We have to release those prisoners or not release them.  Therefore, either we will be unsafe or we will not be respecting human rights.      
  35. If we already know the answer, then there is no point in asking and if we do not already know the answer, then we wouldn’t recognize the answer when we found it. We either already know the answer or we don’t.  Thus, either there is no point to inquiry or we wouldn’t recognize the answer when we found it.    
  36. If we are going to actually make social security payments to the baby-boomers when they retire, then we are going to have to raise taxes but if we are going to have a strong and vibrant economy, then we cannot raise taxes. We are going to have to choose between making the social security payments we have promised the next generation of senior citizens or keeping the economy strong.  Hence, we have to choose to raise taxes or choose to not raise taxes.    
  37. If we are going to actually make social security payments to the baby-boomers when they retire, then we are going to have to raise taxes but if we are going to have a strong and vibrant economy, then we cannot raise taxes. We have to raise taxes or not raise taxes.  Hence, we are not going to make social security payments we have promised the next generation of senior citizens or we will not keep the economy strong.      
  38. If we are to attract diners, then we must serve large portions, but if we are to attract more sophisticated diners, then we must serve small portions. Either we don’t serve large portions or we don’t serve small portions.  So, we fail to attract traditional diners or we fail to attract more sophisticated diners.      
  39. If we are to attract diners, then we must serve large portions, but if we are to attract traditional diners, then we must keep prices low. We will serve large portions and keep prices low.  So we will attract traditional diners.      
  40. If we clear people’s criminal records when they are released from prison, then innocent people will put at risk and if we do not clear those records, then ex-cons will be unable to get jobs and be forced back into crime. We must either clear people’s criminal records when they are released from prison or not.  Therefore, innocent people will be put at risk or ex-cons will be unable to get jobs and be forced back into crime.    
  41. If we drastically cut carbon emissions, then we will ruin the economy but if we do not drastically cut carbon emissions, then we will ruin the environment. We will ruin the economy or ruin the environment.  So we must either drastically cut carbon emissions or not.      
  42. If we go back into Iraq, then we will have to occupy the country for decades, and if we don’t go back into Iraq, then the government will fall to the Sunni terrorists. But we go back in or we don’t.  So, we have to occupy Iraq for decades or watch the government fall to Sunni terrorists.    
  43. If we leave our borders open to illegal immigration, then terrorists will continue to be able to get into the country, and if we leave our borders open to illegal immigration, then we will continue to suffer from high rates of unemployment. We must not allow terrorists to enter the country.  So we must continue to suffer from high rates of unemployment.      
  44. If we leave our borders open to illegal immigration, then terrorists will continue to be able to get into the country, but if we close our borders to illegal immigration, then we will not have enough workers for low-skill jobs. Since we have to leave the borders open or close them, we will either allow terrorists or not have the workers we need.    
  45. If we legalize marijuana then we encourage young people to waste their lives as potheads, and if we do not legalize marijuana then we are turning ordinary citizens into criminals. We either legalize marijuana or we do not.  So, we either encourage our young people to become potheads or we turn them into criminals.    
  46. If we mandate bicycle helmets, then we discourage bicycle riding and if we fail to mandate helmets, we don’t keep riders safe. Either we do or we don’t require helmets.  Thus, we discourage bike riding or allow unsafe biking.    
  47. If we want ex-cons to be able to find honest work, then we must clear people’s criminal records when they are released from prison and if we want to keep the public safe from habitual criminals, we must not clear people’s criminal records. We must either clear people’s criminal records when they are released from prison or not.  Therefore, innocent people will be put at risk or ex-cons will be unable to find honest work.      
  48. If you are a Christian, then you can’t believe in evolution; but if you are a scientist, you have to believe in evolution. You have to believe in evolution or not believe in it.  Thus, either you can’t be a Christian or you can’t be a scientist.      
  49. If you don’t want to hurt people, then don’t give them bad advice, but if you don’t want to be ignored, then don’t give people good advice. You must give either bad advice or good advice.  So, you will either hurt people or be ignored by them.      
  50. If you give good advice, then people will ignore your advice, but if you give bad advice, then people will be harmed by it. You must give either good advice or bad advice.  So, people will ignore your advice or be harmed by it.    
  51. If you give good advice, then people will ignore your advice, but if you give bad advice, then people will be harmed by it. People will ignore your advice or be harmed by it.  So, you must give either good advice or bad advice.      
  52. If you have little ambition, then you will achieve little. If you have little ambition, then you will not earn people’s respect.  You will achieve little and will not earn people’s respect.  Therefore, you have little ambition.      
  53. If you make your career your top priority, then your family life will suffer, and if you make your family your top priority, then your career will suffer. Either your family life or your career will suffer.  Thus, either your career or your family has to be your top priority.      
  54. If you want to avoid making nonreligious people angry, then you can’t wish them a “Merry Christmas,” but if you want to avoid annoying religious people, you must wish them a “Merry Christmas.” You have got to wish people a “Merry Christmas” or not.  So, either you make nonreligious people angry or you annoy religious people.      
  55. It’s hard to decide what to do about sex education. If we teach high school students about birth control, then society is telling unmarried teenagers that it is OK to have sex.  But if we don’t teach them about birth control, then we will continue to see millions of teenage girls getting pregnant.  We either teacher these kids about birth control or we don’t.  So we have to choose between condoning premarital sex and tolerating a wave of teen pregnancy.    
  56. I’ve got to promise the customer we can finish the job by next week or we will lose the contract. We can’t lose the contract.  Therefore, I’ve got to promise the customer we can finish by next week.    
  57. Loretta either found out about the meeting from Bill or she found out from me. I’m sure she didn’t get the information out of me.  So Bill must have told her.    
  58. Poverty can be solved only by educating the poor so that they can get existing middle class jobs or by the redistribution of wealth. However, it appears that we can’t solve the problem by educating the poor for middle class jobs because there simply aren’t enough of them.  So the solution to the problem of poverty is the redistribution of wealth.    
  59. The Buddha was the wisest man who ever lived or the Buddha was a complete fool. The Buddha was not a complete fool.  Therefore, the Buddha was the wisest man who ever lived.    
  60. The world’s increasing population must either swell the population of the world’s cities or be spread out over the land. If we are to save the environment, then we must put these additional people in our cities but if we want to avoid crime problems, we must spread this additional population on the land.  Thus, we will save the environment or avoid crime problems.      
  61. The world’s increasing population must either swell the population of the world’s cities or be spread out over the land. If increased population is crowded into the cities, then we will face staggering crime problems and if the excess population is spread out over the land, then this will accelerate environmental change.  Thus, we will face staggering crime problems or accelerate environmental damage.    
  62. We can convert my study into a nursery for the new baby or we can buy a new, larger house. We can’t afford a larger house.  So, I guess we will have to convert my study into a nursery.    
  63. We can either watch our borders so carefully that illegal immigrants can’t get into this country or we learn to live with the illegal immigrants who come here. It is not possible for us to watch our borders so carefully that illegal immigrants can’t get in.  Thus, to be realistic we simply have to learn to live with illegal immigration.    
  64. We must send our children to private school or public school. We can’t afford private school.  Therefore, we must send them to public school.    
  65. With federal deficits out of control either we raise taxes or cut government spending. Since any more cuts to government spending is ruled out that implies we must raise taxes.    
  66. With federal deficits out of control either we raise taxes or cut government spending. Since raising taxes is out of the question that implies that we must get serious about reigning in spending.    
  67. With several Southern states already seceding in the winter of 1860-61, the incoming Lincoln administration had a touch choice to make. Either convince the South to remain within the Union by offering to compromise on slavery or go to war to defeat the rebellion.  Convincing the South to remain was not possible.  Thus, Lincoln’s only option was to prepare for war.    

67 Questions with Answers (as a pdf) – $39.99

PHIL1180 Quiz 8 – Responses to Conditional Arguments

Please read the questions carefully. Many have similar wording. Quizzes consist of 20 randomly selected multiple choice questions.

  1. RESPONSE: Art critics aren’t fools. They are highly educated and sophisticated people.
  2. RESPONSE: You’re just an unsophisticated boor who doesn’t understand or appreciate art.
  3. RESPONSE: I think that with so many stars out there and with most of them having planets around them that there just have to be alien civilizations.
  4. RESPONSE: Duchamp’s Fountain is a urinal that Duchamp claimed was a work of art. I don’t admit that it is a work of art.
  5. RESPONSE: Dealers are primarily in the business of selling new cars but I don’t see why that would imply that they would provide poor service.
  6. RESPONSE: The fact that he doesn’t participate in the oral arguments before the Court does not mean he is an incompetent jurist. It may just be that his talents are best displayed in private discussions with the other members of the Court or in drafting written opinions.
  7. RESPONSE: The only reason you say that is because Justice Thomas is a conservative and you are a liberal.
  8. RESPONSE: You are only saying that because you are an atheist.
  9. RESPONSE: I don’t agree with you that suffering in this world is unnecessary. It may be necessary to purposes that we human beings do not fully understand.
  10. RESPONSE: Wrong. Guns may only be dangerous in the hands of evil people but they obviously greatly increase the power of evil and deranged people making them much more dangerous.
  11. RESPONSE: I don’t understand what the problem is. Low wages are a good thing. It means that we can produce goods and services more efficiently at a lower cost. Why would we want to make our economy less efficient?
  12. RESPONSE: I think that you look at it this way because you have had trouble finding a good job.
  13. RESPONSE: You are just a racist. I think that most immigrants are good, hardworking people who are coming to America seeking a better life.
  14. RESPONSE: Even in the face of Israeli refusal to dismantle the settlements, Palestinians ought to realize that nonviolent resistance to the occupation of their land represents a much more realistic option than terrorism.
  15. RESPONSE: It’s overly pessimistic to say that Israel won’t dismantle those settlements. I think that the United States could generate enough diplomatic pressure on the Israelis to make them do it.
  16. RESPONSE: You’re problem is that you are a Jew-hater. That’s an Antisemetic remark.
  17. RESPONSE: I just checked the weather on television. It’s not going to rain.
  18. RESPONSE: You’re such a hypocrite. You lie all the time.
  19. RESPONSE: Even if the job you get right out of high school does not pay a living wage, there’s still a very good reason to complete high school. A few years of experience at one of those jobs can qualify you to earn a much better paycheck in the near future.
  20. RESPONSE: You’re just as bad as Kenny if not worse.
  21. RESPONSE: What reason is there to think that being a part of the government means a person cannot commit civil disobedience? I just don’t see any reason to believe that.
  22. RESPONSE: I think you are being a hypocrite. If you agreed with her, you’d admit that she was committing civil disobedience.
  23. RESPONSE: You are a rotten selfish person. That’s why you think that way.
  24. RESPONSE: I think leisure is highly overrated. People can be very happy working hard doing things they find meaningful and important.
  25. RESPONSE: As a football coach, that’s exactly what I would expect you to say.
  26. RESPONSE: How many football players report concussions depends on how the questions are worded. Good studies show that over 50% of football players report the symptoms of concussions each year.
  27. RESPONSE: Other sports are more dangerous than football.
  28. RESPONSE: You’re a jerk who just doesn’t care about the health risks to football players.
  29. RESPONSE: I remember how Ali used to make up those little poems about his opponents but I don’t consider what he did to be inventing rap.
  30. RESPONSE: Mohammed Ali was a boxer. He wasn’t an artist.
  31. RESPONSE: What’s wrong with being entertaining? I like to listen to a sermon that has some good jokes in it.
  32. RESPONSE: Public broadcasting does not have to engage in controversy to educate the public about matters of public interest. Providing the public with the kind of in depth background information necessary to understand public issues does not require anything controversial.
  33. RESPONSE: Public broadcasting can still do children’s programming like Sesame Street and science shows like Nova.
  34. RESPONSE: Sex is a purely private matter. Everybody knows that.
  35. RESPONSE: I agree that sex can have harmful consequences, but if the only people harmed are the people having sex, then it is still a private matter.
  36. RESPONSE: The reason you don’t believe in speaking in tongues is because you go to a church where people don’t speak in tongues.
  37. RESPONSE: Just because you can’t identify which foreign language is being spoken doesn’t mean it isn’t’ a real foreign language. It might be some ancient language we have forgotten all about.
  38. RESPONSE: I can’t agree with that. Many students learn nothing from a course in logic or they forget everything they learn as soon as the course is over.
  39. RESPONSE: I agree that a logic course would do most students some good. However, I don’t think that the Chancellor would approve such a major change in the curriculum.
  40. RESPONSE: I think teenagers sometimes don’t stop to think about the possible consequences of their actions but I think that normally they are quite capable of predicting them if they stop and think.
  41. RESPONSE: I disagree. To be morally responsible requires only that you know the difference between right and wrong. A teenager who was unable to predict the consequences of her action might still understand that it was wrong.
  42. RESPONSE: You’re just one of those touchy-feely types who makes excuses for everybody’s bad behavior.
  43. RESPONSE: That’s absurd. Polar bears will be roaming freely in the wild for a long, long time.
  44. RESPONSE: You are just one of those gullible idiots who believe all that doom and gloom nonsense.
  45. RESPONSE: That’s not true. Global warming is bunk. The arctic icecap isn’t going to melt any time soon.
  46. RESPONSE: No one is able to prove that global warming is caused by human activity. It may well be a natural cycle having nothing at all to do with carbon emissions.
  47. RESPONSE: It’s true that the melting of the icecap will make it impossible for the polar bears to hunt seal, but we shouldn’t suppose that this means that they won’t be able to survive in the wild. They will probably adapt and learn to survive on other foods.
  48. RESPONSE: Even if they did all retire and sell their assets at about the same time this won’t cause a crash because there were other new investors willing to buy.
  49. RESPONSE: Don’t worry. The stock market isn’t going to crash.
  50. RESPONSE: You are only saying that because you are not part of that generation. If you were nearing retirement you wouldn’t be worrying about how it might affect the stock market.
  51. RESPONSE: That’s just what I’d expect a Republican like you to say.
  52. RESPONSE: Maybe so, but at what cost? A lot of American soldiers have been killed. We have spent billions we can’t afford. And our moral standing around the world has been diminished by our use of torture. In my opinion it wasn’t worth it.
  53. RESPONSE: You’re just one of those sad, miserable people who don’t believe in anything. I feel sorry for you.
  54. RESPONSE: I wouldn’t agree with your characterization of the evidence for reincarnation as anecdotal. In many cases, the stories have been carefully authenticated by objective research.
  55. RESPONSE: You wouldn’t say that if you believed in reincarnation.
  56. RESPONSE: Well, I don’t agree with you. I think it is perfectly rational to believe in reincarnation.
  57. RESPONSE: Appealing to adults, even intelligent ones, is not enough to make a book into a classic. Millions of intelligent adults read cheap trashy romance novels and shallow adventure stores that cannot be considered classic by any stretch of the imagination.
  58. RESPONSE: Who cares if Harry Potter is a classic or not? Those books have turned millions of kids on to reading?
  59. RESPONSE: I don’t agree that the rich benefit more form the existence of the government than anyone else. Government services are offered equally to all citizens.
  60. RESPONSE: You wouldn’t be saying that if you were rich.
  61. RESPONSE: I don’t agree that getting more benefit from a service obliges anyone to pay more. Why should it?
  62. RESPONSE: The right to bear arms plays no role in protecting citizens against tyrannical government because the military capacity of any modern government so far exceeds any weapon an individual might possess.
  63. RESPONSE: You’re wrong about that. The server’s not down.
  64. RESPONSE: Never mind. I’ll just watch television and try again later.
  65. RESPONSE: It’s really no surprise. Everything has gotten so bitterly political these days. Why should the Supreme Court be any different?
  66. RESPONSE: I don’t see anything in the Constitution that implies that the Court has to be apolitical. I agree that it has to be independent of the other two branches of government but that’s not the same thing as being apolitical.
  67. RESPONSE: You’re only saying that because you are a liberal and SCOTUS has become more conservative over the past couple of years.
  68. RESPONSE: I’m not interested in football anyway.
  69. RESPONSE: That’s just shows what a racist you are.
  70. RESPONSE: I think that whites did use the term “Redskin” in a racist and insulting manner back then.
  71. RESPONSE: You are saying that the war on drugs is politically motivated? You sound like one of those crazy conspiracy theorists.
  72. RESPONSE: No, the top brass might already be planning staff cuts and might not tell the boss until the last minute. If so, then he wouldn’t know yet.
  73. RESPONSE: How dare you say I’m not good teacher, you jerk!

73 Questions with Answers (as a pdf) – $39.99

PHIL1180 Quiz 7 – Conditional Arguments

Please read the questions carefully. Many have similar wording. Quizzes consist of 20 randomly selected multiple choice questions.

  1. If a pair of center pawns is exchanged in the opening, then middlegame takes on an open character. A pair of center pawns was exchanged in the opening.  Hence, the middlegame takes on an open character.     
  1. If a pair of center pawns is exchanged in the opening, then middlegame takes on an open character. A pair of center pawns were not exchanged in the opening.  Hence, the middlegame does not take on an open character.      
  1. If a stable government is formed in Iraq, the government will be dominated by Shiite fundamentalists. If the stable government is formed in Iraq, then it will not be a western style democracy.  Therefore, if the government is dominated by Shiite fundamentalists, it will not be a western style democracy.     
  1. If a student does not demonstrate mastery of all the course material, then the student does not deserve an A. If a student gets a poor grade on a cumulative final exam, then the student has not demonstrated mastery of the course material.  Thus, if a student gets a poor grade on a cumulative final, then the student does not deserve an A.     
  1. If alloys are stronger and harder than pure metals, then alloys are more suitable for jewelry than pure metals. Alloys are more suitable for jewelry than pure metals.  So, alloys are stronger and harder than pure metals.      
  1. If Arnold Schwarzenegger is eligible to serve as President of the United States, then he is a native born American citizen. But since Arnold is not a native born American citizen, it follows that he is not eligible to serve as President of the United States.     
  1. If Arnold Schwarzenegger is eligible to serve as President of the United States, then he is a native born American citizen. But since Arnold is not eligible to serve as President of the United States, it follows that he is not a native born American.    
  1. If art is necessarily beautiful, the Duchamp’s Fountain is not art. If Duchamp’s Fountain is not art, then art critics are fools.  Hence, if art is necessarily beautiful, then art critics are fools.     
  1. If art is necessarily beautiful, the Duchamp’s Fountain is not art. Thus, Duchamp’s Fountain is not art because art necessarily is beautiful.     
  1. If ash from volcanoes provides a significant source of nutrients to soil, then Pacific Islands far from active volcanoes are at increased risk of deforestation. Ash from volcanoes does provide significant nutrients to soil.  Consequently, islands far from active volcanoes are at increased risk.     
  1. If aspirin is a pain reliever, the aspirin is an opiate. Aspirin is a pain reliever.  Therefore, aspirin is an opiate.     
  1. If aspirin is a pain reliever, the aspirin is an opiate. Aspirin is not an opiate.  Hence, aspirin is not a pain reliever.     
  1. If average income decreases, then the demand curve shifts leftward for normal goods. Average income will decrease this year.  Hence, the demand curve will shift leftward for normal goods.     
  1. If average income increases, then the demand curve shifts rightward for normal goods. Average income will not increase this year.  Hence, the demand curve will not shift rightward for normal goods this year.     
  1. If average income increases, then the demand curve shifts rightward for normal goods. The demand curve shifted rightward for normal goods last quarter.  Therefore, average income increased last quarter.    
  1. If Charlemagne had been born April 2, 747, then the chroniclers would have mentioned that he had been born on Easter. No chronicler said that Charlemagne was born on Easter.  Hence, Charlemagne was not born April 2, 747.     
  1. If Clarence Thomas is the only Supreme Court justice who does not question lawyers presenting arguments before the court, then Justice Thomas is incompetent. Justice Thomas is indeed the only justice who never questions lawyers.  We must conclude then that Justice Thomas is incompetent.     
  1. If doctors are perceived by the public as overpaid, then malpractice suits will flourish. Malpractice suits are flourishing.  Hence, the public must perceive doctors are overpaid.     
  1. If doctors are perceived by the public as overpaid, then malpractice suits will flourish. The public perceives doctors are overpaid.  Thus, malpractice suits are flourish.     
  1. If gerrymandering makes it very difficult to unseat incumbents in the House of Representatives, then gerrymandering thwarts the intentions of the Constitution. Gerrymandering does make it extremely difficult to unseat incumbents.  Thus, gerrymandering thwarts the intentions of the Constitution.     
  1. If God existed, then there would be no unnecessary suffering in the world. God exists, hence the suffering in the world is not unnecessary.     
  1. If God existed, then there would be no unnecessary suffering in the world. Hence, God does not exist, for there is plenty of unnecessary suffering in the world.     
  1. If governments in the Middle East adopt strongly secularist policies, then those governments will alienate their people. If governments in the Middle East adopt strongly secular policies, then terrorism will continue to flourish.  Therefore, if Middle Eastern governments alienate their people, then terrorism will continue to flourish.     
  1. If governments in the Middle East adopt strongly secularist policies, then those governments will alienate their people. If Middle Eastern governments alienate their people, then terrorism will continue to flourish.  Therefore, if governments in the Middle East adopt strongly secular policies, then terrorism will continue to flourish.     
  1. If guns are only dangerous when used by people meaning to do harm, then controlling guns will not make us more safe. Guns are not only dangerous when used by people meaning to do harm.  Therefore, gun control will make us safer.     
  1. If hospital administrators are allowed too much control, then medical residents will be exploited as cheap labor. Hospital administrators have been given too much power.  Therefore, medical residents are being exploited.     
  1. If hospital administrators are allowed too much control, then medical residents will be exploited as cheap labor. Medical residents are currently treated as cheap labor in American teaching hospitals.  Thus, hospital administrators have been given too much power.     
  1. If I can’t balance on one leg without falling over, then I can’t do tree pose in my yoga class. I can do tree pose.  Consequently, I can balance on one leg.     
  1. If illegal immigrants continue to flood into this country seeking entry level jobs, then wages for those jobs will remain depressed. If illegal immigrants continue to flood into this country seeking entry level jobs, then millions of full-time workers will continue to live in poverty.  Thus, if wages for entry level jobs remain depressed, then millions of full-time workers will continue to live in poverty.     
  1. If illegal immigrants continue to flood into this country seeking entry level jobs, then wages for those jobs will remain depressed. If wages for entry level jobs remain depressed, then millions of full-time workers will continue to live in poverty.  Thus, if illegal immigrants continue to flood into this country, then millions of full-time workers will continue to live in poverty.     
  1. If Islam is the true religion, then Christianity is not the true religion. Islam is the true religion.  Therefore, Christianity is not the true religion.     
  1. If Israel does not dismantle the settlements on the West Bank, then the majority of Palestinians will think that Israel does not want to negotiate a just peace. If Israel does not dismantle the settlements, then terrorism will look like the only option the Palestinians have.  Therefore, if the majority of Palestinians think that Israel does not want to negotiate, then terrorism will look like the only option they have.     
  1. If it rains tonight, then the field will be wet. If the field is wet, then the field will be muddy.  Consequently, if it rains tonight, then the field will be muddy.     
  1. If jelly is a fruit, then peanut butter is a vegetable. Jelly is a fruit.  Thus, peanut butter is a vegetable.     
  1. If jelly is a fruit, then peanut butter is a vegetable. Jelly is not a fruit.  Therefore peanut butter is not a vegetable.     
  1. If jelly is a fruit, then peanut butter is a vegetable. Peanut butter is not a vegetable.  So, jelly is not a fruit.     
  1. If Joan made that promise knowing she couldn’t keep it, then Joan is a liar. Joan did not make that promise knowing she couldn’t keep it.  So, Joan is not a liar.     
  1. If John had understood how important the report was, then he would have finished it on time. John failed to finish the report on time.  Therefore, John must not have understood how important the report was.     
  1. If Kansas is unable to hire enough qualified teachers, then teacher pay is too low. Kansas is experiencing a teacher shortage.  Therefore, Kansas does not pay its teachers enough.     
  1. If Kansas pays its teachers too little, then Kansas will be unable to hire enough teachers. Kansas is experiencing a teacher shortage.  Therefore, Kansas does not pay its teachers enough.     
  1. If Kim Davis has religious reservations against issuing marriage licenses to gay couples, then Kim Davis should not be compelled to do so. Kim Davis has religious reservations against this.  Thus, she should not be forced to do so.     
  1. If leisure is necessary for happiness, then exploitation is necessary for happiness. Exploitation is necessary for happiness.  Therefore, leisure is necessary for happiness.    
  1. If macroscopic objects are supervenient upon the state of the quantum objects that compose them, then quantum objects must have properties which are completely determinate independent of the properties of the macroscopic objects. But macroscopic objects are supervenient upon the state of the quantum objects that compose them.  Thus, quantum objects do have properties which are completely determinate independent of the properties of the macroscopic objects.     
  1. If macroscopic objects are supervenient upon the state of the quantum objects that compose them, then quantum objects must have properties which are completely determinate independent of the properties of the macroscopic objects. But macroscopic objects are not supervenient upon the state of the quantum objects that compose them.  Thus, quantum objects do not have properties which are completely determinate independent of the properties of the macroscopic objects.     
  1. If macroscopic objects are supervenient upon the state of the quantum objects that compose them, then quantum objects must have properties which are completely determinate independent of the properties of the macroscopic objects. But quantum objects do not have properties which are completely determinate independent of the properties of the macroscopic objects.  Thus, macroscopic objects are not supervenient upon the state of the quantum objects that compose them.     
  1. If Mohammed Ali invented rap, then Mohammed Ali was an artist. Mohammed Ali invented rap.  Thus, Mohammed Ali was an artist.      
  1. If most stars have planets surrounding them in orbits of varying size, then most stars have at least one planet with liquid water. Most stars have planets surrounding them in orbits of varying size.  Thus, most stars have at least one planet with liquid water.     
  1. If most stars have planets surrounding them in orbits of varying size, then most stars have at least one planet with liquid water. Most stars have at least one planet with liquid water.  Hence, most stars have planets surrounding them in orbits of varying size.     
  1. If Paul’s epistles support his assertions by taking Biblical passages out of context, then Paul is a poor theologian. In his epistles, Paul does support his assertions by taking Biblical passages out of context.  Therefore, Paul is a poor theologian.     
  1. If philosophical definitions are theoretical definitions, then philosophical definitions are not lexical definitions. Philosophical definitions are theoretical.  So, philosophical definitions are not lexical.     
  1. If sex can have harmful consequences for people, then sex is not a purely private matter. Sex is a purely private matter.  Thus, sex cannot have harmful consequences.     
  1. If society does not permit divorce, then women will be trapped in abusive relationships. Society does permit divorce.  Hence, women are not trapped in abusive relationships.     
  1. If speaking in tongues is real, then those who speak in tongues will actually be speaking real foreign languages. People who speak in tongues are talking gibberish not real foreign languages.  Hence, speaking in tongues is not real.     
  1. If sport divers are not the major source of damage to shipwrecks, then banning sport divers from shipwrecks is unwarranted. The major source of damage to shipwrecks is commercial fishing not sport divers.  Hence, banning sport divers from shipwrecks is unwarranted.     
  1. If students are disinterested in learning, then schools can do little to educate them. If there is little economic opportunity, then students will be disinterested in learning.  Therefore, if there is little economic opportunity, then schools can do little to educate their students.     
  1. If the American diet were healthy, then Americans would not be obese. Americans are obese.  Thus, the American diet is not healthy.     
  1. If the baby-boomers retire at roughly the same time, then they will be selling off their stock market holdings at the same time. If the baby boomers sell of their stock market holdings at the same time, it will cause a crash.  So if the baby boomers retire at roughly the same time, it will cause a crash.     
  1. If the baryon number is absolutely conserved, then the proton must be absolutely stable. The baryon number is not absolutely conserved.  Hence, the proton is not absolutely stable.     
  1. If the baryon number is absolutely conserved, then the proton must be absolutely stable. The baryon number is absolutely conserved.  Hence, the proton is absolutely stable.     
  1. If the baryon number is absolutely conserved, then the proton must be absolutely stable. The proton is not absolutely stable.  Therefore, the baryon number is not absolutely conserved.     
  1. If the Chemistry exam is scheduled for next Tuesday, then I have a whole weekend to study for it. The Chemistry exam is not scheduled for next Tuesday.  So, I don’t have the whole weekend to study for it.     
  1. If the Chief Justice accepts bribes, then the Chief Justice is a corrupt official. The Chief Justice does not accept bribes.  Thus, the Chief Justice is not corrupt.     
  1. If the European birthrate remains less than 2.1 children per woman, then the population will decline. If the European population declines, then immigrants will overwhelm the European population.  Therefore, if the European birthrate remains less than 2.1 children per woman, then immigrants will overwhelm the European population.     
  1. If the European Union allows its member states to formulate their own budgets, then having a common currency for the whole EU will fail. The EU’s common currency, the Euro, is a failure.  Therefore, the EU allows member states to decide their own budgets.     
  1. If the Greek myths about Zeus were true, then the Father of the gods would be morally worse than the average human being. The Father of the gods is not morally worse than average human beings.  Hence, the Greek myths about Zeus are false.     
  1. If the lab test comes back positive, then the patient has cancer. The lab test came back positive.  Hence, the patient has cancer.     
  1. If the market was overvalued prior to its recent fall, then the market will recover only a fraction of the total losses. If the market recovers only a fraction of its losses, then investors will lose confidence.  Therefore, if the housing market was overvalued prior to its fall, then investors will lose confidence.     
  1. If the price of coffee substitutes decreases, then the demand curve shifts leftward for coffee. The demand curve did not shift leftward for coffee last year.  Hence, the price of coffee substitutes did not decrease last year.     
  1. If the right of individual citizens to arm themselves is taken away, then the people will lose their ability to defend themselves against tyrannical government. The right of individual citizens to arm themselves will be taken away.  Therefore, the people will lose their ability to defend themselves against tyrannical government.     
  1. If the right of individual citizens to arm themselves is taken away, then the people will lose their ability to defend themselves against tyrannical government. The right of individual citizens to arm themselves will not be taken away.  Therefore, the people will not lose their ability to defend themselves against tyrannical government.     
  1. If the server is down, then you will get an error message when you try to log on. You got an error message when you tried to log on.  Thus, the server is down.     
  1. If the success of the revolt by the American colonists against the British Empire was miraculous, then the American Revolution is a sign of God’s special favor. The success of the revolt can be described as nothing less than miraculous.  Thus, our revolution is a sign of God’s special favor upon America.     
  1. If the United States does not abide by the conditions of international treaties we have signed, then it is hypocritical of us to demand compliance by Iran. But the United States does not abide by the conditions of international treaties we have signed.  Therefore, it is hypocritical of us to demand compliance by Iran.     
  1. If the war on drugs was a response to the crack epidemic, then crack must have been a problem before the drug war. Crack was not a problem before the drug war.  Therefore, the war on drugs was not a response to the crack epidemic.     
  1. If the war on drugs was a response to the crack epidemic, then the motive must have been political. The war on drugs was not a response to the crack epidemic.  Hence, the motive of the war on drugs must have been political.     
  1. If the war on drugs was not a response to the crack epidemic, then the motive must have been political. The war on drugs was not a response to the crack epidemic.  Hence, the motive of the war on drugs must have been political.     
  1. If the war on drugs began before crack became a drug problem, then the crack epidemic was not the reason for the drug war. In fact, the war on drugs began at least two years before crack become a drug problem.  Therefore, the crack epidemic was not the reason for the drug war.     
  1. If there is a difference between promoting a particular religion and interfering with the free exercise of a particular religion, then there are two walls of separation between church and state. In fact, there is a difference between promoting a particular religion and interfering with the free exercise of a particular region.  Hence, there are two walls of separation between church and state.     
  1. If there’s a major earthquake in Japan, then there’s a tsunami in Hawaii. There’s no tsunami in Hawaii.  Consequently, there’s no major earthquake in Japan.     
  1. If Winston Churchill was a man of integrity, then he would not have betrayed the Poles. Churchill betrayed the Poles.  Hence, Churchill was not a man of integrity.     
  1. If you were a really good teacher, then you wouldn’t feel you needed the protection of tenure. You feel you need the protection of tenure.  Hence, you are not a good teacher.     

81 Questions with Answers (as a pdf) – $39.99

PHIL1180 Quiz 6 – The Square of Opposition

Please read the questions carefully. Many have similar wording. Quizzes consist of 20 randomly selected multiple choice questions.

  1. All American teenagers are exposed to pornography. Therefore, it is false that some American teenagers are not exposed to pornography.    
  2. All American teenagers are exposed to pornography. Therefore, some American teenagers are exposed to pornography.     
  3. All apicomplexans are parasitic. Hence, it is false that some apicomplexans are not parasitic.    
  4. All apicomplexans are parasitic. Hence, it is false that some apicomplexans are parasitic.    
  5. All coastal plains are lands along continental margins. Hence, some coastal plains are lands along continental margins.     
  6. All flagellates are protozoans. So, some flagellates are protozoans.     
  7. All flagellates are protozoans. Thus, it is false that some flagellates are not protozoans.    
  8. All flagellates are protozoans. Thus, it is false that some flagellates are protozoans.    
  9. All graduate assistants are graduate students. Therefore, it is false that no graduate assistants are graduate students.     
  10. All graduate assistants are graduate students. Therefore, it is false that some graduate assistants are graduate students.    
  11. All graduate assistants are graduate students. Therefore, some graduate assistants are graduate students.     
  12. All large campaign contributions are thinly disguised bribes. Therefore, it is false that no large campaign contributions are thinly disguised bribes.     
  13. All large campaign contributions are thinly disguised bribes. Therefore, it is false that some large campaign contributions are thinly disguised bribes.    
  14. All large campaign contributions are thinly disguised bribes. Therefore, some large campaign contributions are thinly disguised bribes.     
  15. All protists are eukaryotic. Thus, it is false that no protists are eukaryotic.     
  16. All salamanders are amphibians. Hence, it is false that no salamander is an amphibian.     
  17. All sculptors are painters. Therefore, it is false that no sculptors are painters.     
  18. All sculptors are painters. Therefore, some sculptors are painters.     
  19. It is false that all American teenagers are sexually active. Therefore, it is false that no American teenagers are sexually active.    
  20. It is false that all American teenagers are exposed to pornography. Therefore, some American teenagers are exposed to pornography.    
  21. It is false that all aquifers are contained. So, no aquifers are contained.    
  22. It is false that all cars have tachometers. Therefore, some cars do not have tachometers.    
  23. It is false that all citrus fruits are sweet. Thus, it is false that no citrus fruits are sweet.    
  24. It is false that all citrus fruits are sweet. Thus, it is false that some citrus fruits are sweet.    
  25. It is false that all citrus fruits are sweet. Thus, some citrus fruits are not sweet.    
  26. It is false that all citrus fruits are sweet. Thus, some citrus fruits are sweet.    
  27. It is false that all current members of the Supreme Court are Protestants. Therefore, no current members of the Supreme Court are Protestants.    
  28. It is false that all leveraged buyouts are deals unfair to workers. Therefore, no leveraged buyouts are deals unfair to workers.    
  29. It is false that all leveraged buyouts are deals unfair to workers. Therefore, some leveraged buyouts are not deals unfair to workers.    
  30. It is false that all manuports are stones that have been formed into tools. Thus, no manuports are stones that have been formed into tools.    
  31. It is false that all nations which have a Muslim majority are Arabic nations. Therefore, no nations which have a Muslim majority are Arabic nations.    
  32. It is false that all nations which have a Muslim majority are Arabic nations. Therefore, no nations which have a Muslim majority are Arabic nations.    
  33. It is false that all nations which have a Muslim majority are Arabic nations. Therefore, no nations which have a Muslim majority are not Arabic nations.    
  34. It is false that all nations which have a Muslim majority are Arabic nations. Therefore, some nations which have a Muslim majority are not Arabic nations.    
  35. It is false that all panhandlers are homeless. Therefore, some panhandlers are not homeless.    
  36. It is false that all procrastinators are poor workers. Thus, no procrastinators are poor workers.    
  37. It is false that all protists are protozoans. Hence, no protists are protozoans.    
  38. It is false that all responsible students work full-time jobs to pay for their education. Therefore, some responsible students work full-time jobs to pay for their education.    
  39. It is false that all sculptors are painters. Therefore, some sculptors are not painters.    
  40. It is false that all substances which control cell growth are hormones. Therefore, some substances which control cell growth are hormones.    
  41. It is false that all substances which control cell growth are hormones. Therefore, some substances which control cell growth are not hormones.    
  42. It is false that all successful investors are cautious. Therefore, no successful investors are cautious.    
  43. It is false that all successful investors are cautious. Therefore, some successful investors are cautious.    
  44. It is false that all successful investors are cautious. Therefore, some successful investors are not cautious.    
  45. It is false that no American teenagers are sexually active. Therefore, some American teenagers are sexually active.    
  46. It is false that no amphibian is a salamander. So, all amphibians are salamanders.    
  47. It is false that no assistant professors are tenured. Therefore, all assistant professors are tenured.    
  48. It is false that no assistant professors are tenured. Therefore, it is false that some assistant professors are not tenured.    
  49. It is false that no large campaign contributions are thinly disguised bribes. Therefore, all large campaign contributions are thinly disguised bribes.    
  50. It is false that no mammal lays eggs. Therefore, it is false that all mammals lay eggs.    
  51. It is false that no mammal lays eggs. Therefore, it is false that some mammals do not lay eggs.    
  52. It is false that no mammal lay eggs. Therefore, some mammals do not lay eggs.    
  53. It is false that no mutual funds are market indexed investments. Therefore, it is false that all mutual funds are market indexed investments.    
  54. It is false that no mutual funds are market indexed investments. Therefore, some mutual funds are not market indexed investments.    
  55. It is false that no mutual funds are market indexed investments. Therefore, some mutual funds are market indexed investments.    
  56. It is false that no protists are eukaryotic. Therefore, all protists are eukaryotic.    
  57. It is false that no reliquaries are shaped like caskets. Therefore, some reliquaries are shaped like caskets.    
  58. It is false that no small animals are pets which require a great deal of attention. Therefore, all small animals are pets which require a great deal of attention.    
  59. It is false that no small animals are pets which require a great deal of attention. Therefore, some small animals are pets which require a great deal of attention.    
  60. It is false that some congressional districts in North Carolina are not gerrymandered. Thus, some congressional districts in North Carolina are gerrymandered.     
  61. It is false that some foundationalists are not epistemologists. Therefore, it is false that no foundationalists are epistemologists.     
  62. It is false that some foundationalists are not epistemologists. Therefore, some foundationalists are epistemologists.     
  63. It is false that some illegal activities are not immoral activities. Therefore, all illegal activities are immoral activities.    
  64. It is false that some illegal activities are not immoral activities. Therefore, some illegal activities are immoral activities.     
  65. It is false that some lilies are heterogamous. Thus, some lilies are not heterogamous.      
  66. It is false that some people who drive SUVs are not people insensitive to environmental concerns. Therefore, all people who drive SUVs are people insensitive to environmental concerns.    
  67. It is false that some people who drive SUVs are not people insensitive to environmental concerns. Therefore, some people who drive SUVs are people insensitive to environmental concerns.     
  68. It is false that some people who hunger for wealth are not victims of their obsession. Therefore, it is false that no people who hunger for wealth are victims of their obsession.     
  69. It is false that some people who hunger for wealth are not victims of their obsession. Therefore, some people who hunger for wealth are victims of their obsession.     
  70. It is false that some people who live near airports are people who are bothered by loud noises. Therefore, it is false that all people who live near airports are people who are bothered by loud noises.     
  71. It is false that some people who live near airports are people who are bothered by loud noises. Therefore, some people who live near airports are not bothered by loud noises.     
  72. It is false that some polar bears live in Antarctica. So, it is false that all polar bears live in Antarctica.     
  73. It is false that some polar bears live in Antarctica. So, no polar bears live in Antarctica.    
  74. It is false that some television shows are too stupid for a baboon to watch. Therefore, all television shows are too stupid for a baboon to watch.    
  75. It is false that some unconstitutional laws are not statutes approved by the majority of the standing members of the Supreme Court. Therefore, it is false that no unconstitutional laws are statutes approved by the majority of the standing members of the Supreme Court.     
  76. It is false that some unconstitutional laws are not statutes approved by the majority of standing members of the Supreme Court. Therefore, some unconstitutional laws are statutes approved by the majority of the standing members of the Supreme Court.     
  77. No analytic philosophers are phenomenologists. Therefore, it is false that all analytic philosophers are phenomenologists.     
  78. No analytic philosophers are phenomenologists. Therefore, it is false that some analytic philosophers are phenomenologists.    
  79. No analytic philosophers are phenomenologists. Therefore, some analytic philosophers are not phenomenologists.     
  80. No current member of the Supreme Court is Protestant. Therefore, it is false that all current members of the Supreme Court are Protestants.     
  81. No graduate assistants are professors. Therefore, it is false that all graduate assistants are professors.     
  82. No graduate assistants are professors. Therefore, it is false that some graduate assistants are professors.    
  83. No graduate assistants are professors. Therefore, some graduates assistants are not professors.     
  84. No manuports are stones that have been formed into tools. Thus, it is false that all manuports are stones that have been formed into tools.     
  85. No manuports are stones that have been formed into tools. Thus, it is false that some manuports are stones that have been formed into tools.    
  86. No prudent investors are speculators. Therefore, it is false that all prudent investors are speculators.     
  87. Some American teenagers are sexually active. Therefore, all American teenagers are sexually active.    
  88. Some American teenagers are sexually active. Therefore, some American teenagers are not sexually active.    
  89. Some aquifers are artesian aquifers. Thus, some aquifers are not artesian aquifers.    
  90. Some ciliates are parasitic. Therefore, some ciliates are not parasitic.    
  91. Some eukaryotes have chloroplasts. Hence, it is false that no eukaryotes have chloroplasts.    
  92. Some gun owners are not members of the NRA. So, some gun owners are members of the NRA.    
  93. Some lintels are made of stone. Hence, it is false that no lintels are made of stone.    
  94. Some panhandlers are homeless. Therefore, all panhandlers are homeless.    
  95. Some panhandlers are homeless. Therefore, some panhandlers are not homeless.    
  96. Some polyglot empires are tyrannies imposed on unwilling minorities by conquest. Therefore, it is false that all polyglot empires are tyrannies imposed on unwilling minorities by conquest.    
  97. Some polyglot empires are tyrannies imposed on unwilling minorities by conquest. Therefore, it is false that no polyglot empires are tyrannies imposed on unwilling minorities by conquest.    
  98. Some polyglot empires are tyrannies imposed on unwilling minorities by conquest. Therefore, some polyglot empires are not tyrannies imposed on unwilling minorities by conquest.    
  99. Some protozoans are amoebas. Consequently, all protozoans are amoebas.    
  100. Some protozoans are not flagellates. So, no protozoans are flagellates.    
  101. Some sculptors are painters. Therefore, all sculptors are painters.    
  102. Some stockbrokers who advise their customers about making investments are partners in the companies whose securities they recommend. Therefore, it is false that all stockbrokers who advise their customers about making investments are partners in the companies whose securities they recommend.    
  103. Some students who have trouble completing assignments on time are not students who work full-time jobs to pay for their education. Therefore, some students who have trouble completing assignments on time are students who work full-time jobs to pay for their education.    
  104. Some television shows are too stupid for a baboon to watch. Therefore, it is false that all television shows are too stupid for a baboon to watch.    
  105. Some violent habitual criminals are alcohol abusers. Therefore, it is false that no violent habitual criminals are alcohol abusers.    
  106. Some violent habitual criminals are alcohol abusers. Therefore, it is false that all violent habitual criminals are alcohol abusers.    

106 Questions with Answers (as a pdf) – $39.99

PHIL1180 Quiz 5 – Conversion, etc.

Please read the questions carefully. Many have similar wording. Quizzes consist of 20 randomly selected multiple choice questions.

  1. All all sound arguments are valid. Hence,    arguments are unsound.     
  2. All angry people are unsympathetic to other people. Thus, all people who are unsympathetic to other people are angry.    
  3. All bureaucracies are corrupt and inefficient organizations. Therefore, all corrupt and inefficient organizations are bureaucracies.    
  4. All cnidarians are invertebrates. So, no cnidarians are vertebrates.     
  5. All crack dealers are people with many felony convictions. Hence, all people with many felony convictions are crack dealers.    
  6. All creative people are flexible thinkers. Thus, all inflexible thinkers are uncreative.     
  7. All creative people are flexible thinkers. Thus, no creative people are inflexible.     
  8. All efficient businesses are profitable businesses. Therefore, all unprofitable businesses are inefficient businesses.     
  9. All ethnic jokes are inappropriate at public occasions. Therefore, all jokes that are inappropriate at public occasions are ethnic jokes.    
  10. All ethnic jokes are inappropriate at public occasions. Therefore, no ethnic jokes are appropriate at public occasions.     
  11. All FDA approved drugs are safe. Therefore, all safe drugs are FDA approved.    
  12. All flatworms are bilateral animals. Hence, all bilateral animals are flatworms.    
  13. All genes are DNA sequences. Thus, all DNA sequences are genes.    
  14. All  arguments are unsound.  Hence, all sound arguments are valid.     
  15. All medallion quilts are quilts with multiple borders. Thus, all quilts with multiple borders are medallion quilts.    
  16. All nerds are socially inept. Thus, all socially inept people are nerds.    
  17. All nonsalaried employees are replaceable. Thus, all irreplaceable employees are salaried.     
  18. All our conference games this season were wins. Thus, all our losses this season were nonconference games.     
  19. All people who are good at Jeopardy are good at remembering trivia. Therefore, all people who are good at remembering trivia are good at Jeopardy.    
  20. All people who support public schools are people who send children to public schools. Therefore, all people who send children to public school are people who support public schools.    
  21. All redeemed souls are believers. Thus, all unbelievers are unredeemed.     
  22. All responsible parents monitor the television viewing of their children. Thus, all parents who monitor the television viewing of their children are responsible.    
  23. All responsible parents monitor the television viewing of their children. Thus, no responsible parents fail to monitor the television viewing of their children.     
  24. All sensible people are open-minded. Thus, all closed-minded people are senseless.     
  25. All squares are rectangles. Thus, all rectangles are squares.    
  26. All the experiences we can remember are pleasant experiences. Therefore, no experiences we can remember are unpleasant experiences.     
  27. All uninsured motorists are driving illegally. Thus, all motorists who are driving legally are insured.     
  28. All well-made cigars have a smooth draw. Thus, all cigars with a rough draw are poorly made.     
  29. It is false that all bananas are yellow. Therefore, it is false that all yellow things are bananas.    
  30. It is false that all biological processes are reversible. Therefore, it is false that all reversible processes are biological processes.    
  31. It is false that all biological processes are reversible. Therefore, it is false that no biological processes are irreversible.     
  32. It is false that all campaign contributions are legal. Therefore, it is false that no campaign contributions are illegal.     
  33. It is false that all friendly people are trustworthy. Therefore, it is false that all trustworthy people are friendly.    
  34. It is false that all friendly people are trustworthy. Therefore, it is false that all untrustworthy people are unfriendly.     
  35. It is false that all friendly people are trustworthy. Therefore, it is false that no friendly person is untrustworthy.     
  36. It is false that all safe drugs are effective drugs. Therefore, it is false that all ineffective drugs are unsafe drugs.     
  37. It is false that all safe drugs are effective drugs. Therefore, it is false that no safe drugs are ineffective.     
  38. It is false that all unmarried women are unhappy. Hence, it is false that all happy women are married.     
  39. It is false that all well-made cigars are expensive. Therefore, it is false that all inexpensive cigars are poorly made.     
  40. It is false that all workers with plenty of experience on the job are workers with seniority. Therefore, it is false that all workers with seniority are workers with plenty of experience.    
  41. It is false that all workers with plenty of experience on the job are workers with seniority. Therefore, it is false that no workers with plenty of experience are workers without seniority.     
  42. It is false that no carnivores are lions. Hence, it is false that all carnivores are non-lions.     
  43. It is false that no people who believe that the Bible contains factual errors are Christians. Therefore, it is false that all people who believe that the Bible contains factual errors are nonChristians.     
  44. It is false that no selfish people are rational. Therefore, it is false that all selfish people are irrational.     
  45. It is false that no selfish people are rational. Therefore, it is false that no irrational people are unselfish.    
  46. It is false that some analytic philosophers are phenomenologists. Therefore, it is false that some phenomenologists are analytic philosophers.     
  47. It is false that some apples are citrus fruits. Thus, it is false that some citrus fruits are apples.     
  48. It is false that some oranges are not citrus fruits. Thus, it is false that some citrus fruits are not oranges.    
  49. No analytic philosophers are phenomenologists. Therefore, no phenomenologists are analytic philosophers.     
  50. No angry person is sympathetic to other people’s grief. So, all angry people are unsympathetic to other people’s grief.     
  51. No contracts made under duress are enforceable contracts. Therefore, no enforceable contracts are made under duress.     
  52. No cnidarians are bilaterally symmetric. Hence, no bilaterally symmetric animals are cnidarians.     
  53. No ethnic jokes are appropriate at public occasions. Therefore, all ethnic jokes are inappropriate at public occasions.     
  54. No friendly people are untrustworthy. Accordingly, all friendly people are trustworthy.     
  55. No items purchased during our final close-out sale are refundable. So, all items purchased during our final close-out sale are nonrefundable.     
  56. No lions are carnivores. Hence, no carnivores are lions.     
  57. No professional tennis players are untalented. Thus, all professional tennis players are talented.     
  58. No promises made under duress are enforceable contracts. Therefore, no unenforceable contracts are promises made in the absence of duress.    
  59. No rational person is careless. Hence, no careful person is irrational.    
  60. No safe drugs are effective drugs. Therefore, no effective drugs are safe drugs.     
  61. No safe drugs are effective drugs. Therefore, no ineffective drugs are unsafe drugs.    
  62. No sponge is a vertebrate. Thus, all sponges are invertebrates.     
  63. No unbelievers are redeemed. Thus, no unredeemed souls are believers.    
  64. Some animals with exoskeletons are arachnids. Hence, some arachnids are animals with exoskeletons.     
  65. Some aquatic animals are crustaceans. So, some crustaceans are aquatic animals.     
  66. Some bees are not social insects. Therefore, some bees are asocial insects.     
  67. Some beverages served at the party will be nonalcoholic. Hence, some beverages served at the party will not be alcoholic.     
  68. Some biological processes are irreversible. Therefore, some biological processes are not reversible.     
  69. Some campaign contributions are not legal. Therefore, some campaign contributions are illegal.     
  70. Some cherished memories are no pleasant experiences. Therefore, some cherished memories are unpleasant experiences.     
  71. Some colonial powers were not European nations. Thus, some colonial powers were non-European nations.    
  72. Some crack dealers are people with many felony convictions. Hence, some people with many felony convictions are crack dealers.     
  73. Some creative people are illogical thinkers. Thus, some logical thinkers are uncreative.    
  74. Some crustaceans are not aquatic animals. Therefore, some aquatic animals are not crustaceans.    
  75. Some dishonest people are kind. Therefore, some kind people are dishonest.     
  76. Some effective drugs are unsafe. Consequently, some safe drugs are ineffective.    
  77. Some efficient corporations are profitable businesses. Therefore, some unprofitable businesses are inefficient corporations.    
  78. Some European nations were not colonial powers. Thus, some colonial powers were not European nations.    
  79. Some flatworms are parasitic species. Thus, some parasitic species are flatworms.     
  80. Some hominids are not carnivores. Therefore, some carnivores are not hominids.    
  81. Some hominids are omnivores. Therefore, some omnivores are hominids.     
  82. Some immoral activities are illegal activities. Therefore, some legal activities are moral activities.    
  83. Some immoral activities are not illegal activities. Therefore, some illegal activities are not immoral activities.    
  84. Some immoral activities are not illegal activities. Therefore, some legal activities are not moral activities.     
  85. Some intelligent people are not open-minded. Thus, some closed-minded people are not unintelligent.     
  86. Some inexpensive cigars do not burn evenly. Thus, some cigars that burn evenly are not inexpensive.    
  87. Some inexpensive cigars do not burn evenly. Thus, some cigars that burn unevenly are not expensive.     
  88. Some intelligent people are open-minded. Thus, some closed-minded people are unintelligent.    
  89. Some kind people are not honest. Therefore, some dishonest people are not unkind.     
  90. Some kind people are not honest. Therefore, some kind people are dishonest.     
  91. Some lions are not carnivores. Hence, some noncarnivores are not nonlions.     
  92. Some mammals are not terrestrial. Thus, some terrestrial animals are not mammals.    
  93. Some married men are homosexuals. Thus, some nonhomosexual men are unmarried.    
  94. Some married women are not happy. Thus, some unhappy women are not unmarried.     
  95. Some moral activities are illegal. Hence, some illegal activities are moral.     
  96. Some moral activities are not illegal activities. Therefore, some illegal activities are not moral activities.    
  97. Some movie stars are not happily married. Therefore, some happily married people are not movie stars.    
  98. Some nerds are socially inept. Thus, some socially inept people are nerds.     
  99. Some people who are very intelligent are terrible at Jeopardy. Therefore, some people who are terrible at Jeopardy are very intelligent.     
  100. Some people who believe that the Bible contains factual errors are Christians. Therefore, some Christians are people who believe that the Bible contains factual errors.     
  101. Some people who believe that the Bible contains factual errors are not Christians. Therefore, some Christians are not people who believe that the Bible contains factual errors.     
  102. Some people who support public schools are not people who send children to public schools. Therefore, some people who do not send children to public schools are not people who do not support public schools.     
  103. Some polygons are pentagons. Thus, some pentagons are polygons.     
  104. Some racists are not white. Consequently, some white people are not racist.    
  105. Some rectangles are not regular polygons. Thus, some rectangles are irregular polygons.     
  106. Some rectangles are not regular polygons. Thus, some regular polygons are not rectangles.    
  107. Some rectangles are squares. Thus, some squares are rectangles.     
  108. Some tax loopholes are not the result of the efforts of lobbyists. Therefore, some of the results of the efforts of lobbyists are not tax loopholes.    
  109. Some terrible injustices are not things of which the public is aware. Therefore, some things of which the public is aware are not terrible injustices.    
  110. Some terrible injustices are things of which the public is aware. Therefore, some things of which the public is aware are terrible injustices.     
  111. Some uncreative people are not logical thinkers. Thus, some illogical thinkers are not creative.     
  112. Some unmarried women are happy. Thus, some unhappy women are married.    
  113. Some violent habitual criminals are not alcohol abusers. Therefore, some alcohol abusers are not violent habitual criminals.    

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